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Copy of Countries and Nationalities
Beginner level


During this lesson, students will learn a variety of different vocabulary words about countries and their corresponding nationalities. They will listen to recordings and complete worksheets. Students will also be introduced to contractions, and learn how to use their new vocabulary in sentences.


Abc Handout (exercise 6a)
Abc Handout (exercise 3a)
Abc Handout (exercise 1a-1b)
Abc World map
Abc 3 pictures of famous people
Abc Handout (exercise 4)
Abc Country flashcards
Abc Audio CD Track R2.1
Abc Audio CD Track R2.2

Main Aims

  • To review country vocabulary and introduce new vocabulary about nationalities in the context of talking about where people are from.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To introduce and practice the singular positive form of "to be", and to show how they are used in contractions.


Warm-up/Lead-in (1-2 minutes) • To set the context of the lesson and engage students

- T will hang a world map on the WB and put the country flashcards on their appropriate spot on the map.

Activity 1a (4-5 minutes) • To introduce country vocabulary to students.

- After instructions, give students HO - Ss check in pairs - For FB, ask WC their answers for Qs 1-12 and T will write them on WB

Activity 1b (4-5 minutes) • To teach students about nationalities and how to correctly pronounce each vocabulary word.

- Pre-teach "nationality": T: Where are you from? S: Turkey T: His nationality is Turkish - Elicit "nationalities" (Write 'nationality' on WB and draw a person; draw a few stickmen to elicit the plural form) - Ss (individually) complete 1b on same HO - Check by asking WC their answers and writing it on the WB next to the (already written) countries - Drilling the 12 countries and nationalities; focus on stresses and pronounciation

Activity 2a (2-5 minutes) • To let students listen to a recording and practice pronouncing countries and nationalities.

- Play recording R2.1 - Ss repeat both country and nationality at same time (Italy, Italian)

Activity 2b (4-5 minutes) • To allow students to practice matching countries with their nationalities.

- Demonstrate instructions by pointing to a country on WB, and having class reply with the corresponding nationality - Assign each student to be a "country" or "nationality", and pair them up. - Have students look at the list on the WB and ask each other Qs.

Activity 2c (6-7 minutes) • To allow students to form simple sentences using their newly learned vocabulary.

- T writes "I am from (country). I am (nationality)." on WB - Elicit examples for each country and nationality on 1-12 list. - Hang 3 pictures of famous people on WB. Write ("He/She is from ____. He/She is _____.) - Elicit which country and nationality each famous person is.

Activity 3a (3-4 minutes) • To provide students with a simple listening exercise

- Demonstrate instructions. Tell them to use the nationalities on WB to fill out new HO (3a). - Ss work in pairs. - Check by listening to recording R2.2 - For FB, check answers with whole class.

Activity 4 (5-6 minutes) • To introduce students to contractions and basic pronouns.

- Pre-teach "positive (+)". Write on WB - Give instructions and pass out HO (exercise 4). Ss work individually. - Ss check answers in pairs. Then with WC. - Point to objects with the pronouns "he", "she", and "it" around the classroom. - Write down the following on WB: I am --> You are --> He/She/It --> - Use fingers to demonstrate contractions, and elicit answers from WC. - Tell Ss (by gesturing) to use the contracted forms when speaking and writing.

Activity 5 (1-2 minutes) • To allow students to practice pronouncing contractions used in sentences.

- Read each sentence in HO (exercise 4) and WC repeats. - Drill WC ("You're - You're - You're Brazilian - You're Brazilian)

Activity 6 (2-3 minutes) • To provide students with the oppurtunity to practice what they learned.

- Give HO (exercise 6a). Ss work alone. - Check with pairs, then WC.

Flexi Activity (2-5 minutes) • To engage students in an activity if lesson is finished before 45 minutes.

- Students spell out different countries.

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