vasudha vasudha

Third conditional
Intermediate level


In this lesson, the ss will learn about third conditional.


Abc Total English Teacher's book pg 104
Abc Total English Student's book pg 113-114
Abc Projector
Abc Paper cards
Abc HO
Abc Answer key

Main Aims

  • By the end of this lesson, the students will have practised the third conditional in the context of making the right decisions.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To practice speaking using the target language.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T asks the ss if they ever had to make big decisions in their life.

Exposure (3-5 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through listening.

T gives Ho and instructs the ss to listen carefully. The ss listen to two people talking about important decisions they took. The ss answer the questions based on their listening. T asks them to compare their answers. T gives feed back orally.

Highlighting and clarification (7-8 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language and to clarify it's meaning, form and pronunciation.

T asks questions using the same sentences on the board. For example, Are we talking about the past, the present or the future? Is it a real or imaginary situation? T elicits and highlights the structure on the board. T asks the ss to go through the Active grammar box and choose the correct options. The Ss compare their answers and the T gives the feedback orally. T asks the ss to read the highlighted part for the contractions rule. T uses back chaining to help the ss pronounce the weak forms and the contracted form.

Controlled Practice (6-8 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T gives Ho to the ss and asks them to read the text in the box. T asks them to check if they don't understand any word's meaning. T instructs them to complete the sentences using the Third Conditional individually and does the first one with them. T asks the ss to compare their answers before showing the answer key on the board.

Semi-Controlled Practice (4-5 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

T shows a succession of events from somebody's life on the board. T models the first sentence using the third conditional and nominates a student to frame the next sentence using the next event. The ss nominate one another and frame sentences.

Free Practice (13-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

T splits the class into pairs and gives demo by telling the turning point in her life and asks ss to ask her a question related to that. T then tells how her life might have changed if that turning point had been different. T asks ss to use the three questions and generate discussion using the third conditional. T gives some paper cards (where the structure of third conditional is written) to all the pairs and tells them to pick one card for each third conditional sentence that they make. T monitors and gives feedback.

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