AmirHossein AmirHossein

Grammar - Should have
Got It 3B level


in this lesson students learn how to criticize someone's actions in the past by using should/shouldn't have,


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Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of should have for criticizing actions in the past

Subsidiary Aims

  • To have a productive class, less TTT, more STT, better monitoring and providing good motivation.


Warmer/Lead-in (4-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Sts work on a worksheet related to the grammar lesson. In the worksheet they read about some mistakes in the past. At first they find the mistakes and write them down. Then they go to the second part of the worksheet and match what was the right thing to do in exercise 1 for each action.

Exposure (7-9 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

books open, we read and review a news story which we read last session. It gives a good context for the target language. it's about an accident for a group teenagers. We find their mistakes together. Then sts go the next page and do exercise 4. In this exercise sts have to find and write sentences with should have or shouldn't have from the text.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Elicitation I ask student which sentences criticize people's actions in the past. Then I ask them what words are common in all of these sentences.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

When I elicit the answers from sts, we conclude the grammar usage of should/shouldn't have. Then with the help of sts we analyze the structure of should/shouldn't have sentences when we want to criticize someone's action in the past.

Controlled Practice (8-9 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Books open, Page 41. Sts do exercises 1, 2 and 3 together in pair or group. Obviously I will monitor them during the process.

Semi-Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Sts do grammar worksheet's exercises together. I monitor them during the process.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Part 1: In pair or groups, sts have to roll play. I give them some student tell his mistake to his partner and the other student will criticize him and tell him what he should/shouldn't have done. Part 2: In pair or group, sts talk about their recent mistakes and what criticize themselves.

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