Text based presentation of language / guided discovery
Elementary A2 level
To practice the present perfect with "ever" and "never" in the context of travelling and life experiences.
To provide fluency and accuracy speaking in the context of experiences using the target language.
Procedure (23-45 minutes)
T will warm up the session by first personalising the topic and talk about an experience, then allow Ss to ask more questions about it. T then, will put Ss into pairs and give them questions to ask and answer each other. Main point of this stage is to highlight the context of the coming listening tape.
T will play the tape scrip for Ss for a general idea first. ICQs: so what are we going to do, write or listen? What are listening for, everything or to answer these questions? T will take Ss answers then set a second listening task to fill the gaps from the tape script from where you will be filling these gaps? how are you going to listen this time? T will take Ss answers and highlight the model sentences on the WB
T will write the model sentences in the board and ask students to figure out the differences in them T will elicit the form of the present perfect from the model sentences from the students and clarify the structure T will ask Ss to discuss in group the use of "never" and "ever" in the present perfect. T will take the answers as a WC feedback and clarify it if needed, then ask CCQs: Do we use "never" for questions?(No) Do we use "never" for positive statements? (No) When do we use "ever"? (Questions) When do we use "never"?(for negative statements)
T will highlight the model sentences again and elicit the meaning and form from students (T do more clarification afterwards ) T will do drilling, and fingers technique for a correct pronunciation T will ask CCQs: Does this happen in the past?(yes) Do we know the time exactly ? (No) Does this still happening now? (No) T will ask Ss "When do we use present perfect then?" Ss will discuss the questions in a group and give the answer as a WC feedback
In this stage T will do a ball game to practice the target language ( present perfect with "ever" and "never"): Ss will stand in a circle , then one Student will ask the question" have you ever been to ...( naming a country or a city)" and throw the ball to another. Ss with the ball will have to answer the question with either "yes I have been to ...." or " No, I have never been to ...." The main aim of this game is to provide students with an oral fluency practice of the target language