Alla Ilayda Alla Ilayda

TP7 Grammar. Twists of fate
Intermediate (B1) level


In this lesson students learn about Past Perfect through guided discovery based on a reading text about the luckiest man in the world. The lessons starts with a discussion about lucky and unlucky people. It is followed by reading for gist and detailed information. Then controlled practice and final with freer practice speaking activity.


Abc Reading handout

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of the past perfect tense in the context of twists of fate

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist, detailed and deduction reading practice using a text about the world's luckiest man in the context of twists of fate


Warmer/Lead-in (2-3 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

I show students the picture of lottery ticket and try to elicit the word lucky, then I ask 'who buys lottery tickets? Have you ever won the lottery? Who is lucky? Raise your hand! Why? I think that I'm unlucky I've never won even one lira in any lottery.

Exposure (10-12 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Pre-reading. To prepare students for the text and make it accessible. Students look at the photo and the title of the article and predict in pairs 'what has happened to make this person the world's luckiest man? WCFB Write some ideas on the board. Reading for gist. To provide students with less challenging gist and specific information reading tasks. Ss read the text to find out if any of their predictions were correct. WCFB. ICQ: Are we reading or listening? Reading for detail. Ss read the article again and put the events in correct order. Peer-checking. Ss nominates each other to say the correct answer. WCFB Is he really lucky or unlucky? He has been involved in far more disasters than most human? 1.train 2.plane 3. bus 4.mountains 5.lottery

Highlighting (2-3 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Ss have to circle all verbs in the Past Perfect tense. I would write an example on the board 'He had taken' and ask what's the tense? If some students know the Past Perfect tense praise them. WCFB. How many verbs did you find?

Guided discovery (9-10 minutes) • To provide examples of the target language to help learners to find the rules themselves.

Regrouping before task. Students do the task based on the reading text. They write 1 by the action that happened first and 2 by the action that happened after it. Student says the answer and nominates other student to say the next one Ss read the situations and write sentences from the words in brackets. Check in pairs. Answers on the board.

Clarification (5-6 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Draw the timeline and write 1 example on the board, elicit where the Past Perfect is in the timeline. Elicit meaning that we use Past Perfect to talk about completed actions in the past that happened before other actions in the past asking CCQs: He won the lottery with the first ticket he had bought for forty years. 1. Are we talking about the past? Yes 2.Which happened first - ticket or win? Ticket 3.Did it happen at the same time? No 4. How many actions do we have? 2 Ask students where should be these 2 actions in the timeline. Elicit the form: + I/You/He/She/It/We/They had /'d + Past Participle - I/You/He/She/It/We/They hadn't/had not + Past Participle ? Wh-question word + had + I/You/He/She/It/We/They + Past Participle CCQ Does anything change when we use third person singular. No Drill pronunciation, pay attention to contractions. Use fingers highlighting to clarify contractions.

Semi-controlled practice (4-5 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for freer practice

Ss put the verbs into correct form (past perfect or past simple). Peer check. WCFB. Students write answers on the board. Answers: 1 arrived/had run out of beer. 2.brought/hadn't ordered 3.couldn't get in/had forgotten 4.didn't know/hadn't done 5.had lost/got

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Give students pictures of 3 Hollywood stars. Students have to imagine what had happened with them before and think about 3-4 sentences using the Past Perfect tense. Then share their ideas in small groups, then mingling. Ex: When he came to work he realized that he had left the iron on. When she woke up in the morning she couldn't remember what time he had come home yesterday. Before she met her friends yesterday she had drunk 2 milkshakes already.

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