Seda Seda

The created capital
Elemantary level


In this lesson, the students will do some reading for gist and detail in the context of capital cities. Wh-questions will be prompted by using grammar box in the coursebook. At the end of the lesson, speaking activity will be used.


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Xwk2g7d7s7abxsr6dpae ho4 HO4
Avtj2lxtt2jkkvljz6yz ho3 HO3
Tme4g2gnqwepxqoyyipo ho2 HO2
Frmdzpbtgyieknobfr56 ho1 HO1

Main Aims

  • To provide gist and detailed reading practice using a text about the created capital in the context of capital cities of the world

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of two capital cities


Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Make them watch a short video and ask questions: "Do you remember the cities? Which cities do you remember? Where are these cities? How can we call these cities? (capital cities)

Pre-Reading (5-7 minutes) • To prepare students for the text and make it accessible

Show three Pictures via OHP to Ss related to three key words in the reading text. (Remind them that Mikail- one of the students- and his job for clarifying the verb "create" Check their understanding with CCQs: Can we create clothes? Yes What can we create? We can create website (The answers may vary) Is create a verb or a noun? Verb What are geographical places? Rivers, mountains.. Is geographical noun or adjective? adjective Can we say political system? Yes

While-Reading #1 (3-5 minutes) • To provide students with less challenging gist information reading

Write on the board: What is a created capital? What is the name of the city? What country is it in? Give Ss the text face down and tell them they will have 1 minute to find the answers to the questions. Give them a clear start/stop signal. Feedback: Change their seats to put them in different pairs. Have them check in pairs before doing WC FB. For open class feedback, elicit the answers from the students.

While-Reading#2 (7-10 minutes) • To provide students with more challenging detailed, deduction and inference reading tasks

Give them HO2. Have them work individually. Tell them to read the text in detail and find the answers. Feedback: Put them in differen pairs for peer-check before open class feedback. For open class feedback put them in two groups, make each group a queue and give the following instructions: " Don't look at your sheets. I will show you the questions (via OHP) and you will run and hit true or false on WB. For each correct answer you will get one point"(In advance write TRUE and FALSE on the board) ICQs: Will you read the questions? when will you run ? after reading the question Will you hit anywhere? Yes Where? On the Word true or false (If necessary, do a demo)

Grammar clarification (5-7 minutes) • To review and clariy MFP of Wh-questions

Show 5 questions on WB. Ask Ss to write down the answers . Feedback: Peer-check and ask Ss to show the correct options Before the lesson, hang on the walls "wh" question words. Hand-in HO3 to Ss. Tell them to stand up and look at the walls. Fill in the blanks with the words on the walls. Feedback : Peer-check (different pairs) after open class feedback (Students will read the answers by reading full sentence.)

Controlled practice (3-5 minutes) • To practice Wh questions

Show questions via OHP. Tell Ss to write the answers. Feedback: Pairs will check the answers. Then nominate students to ask questions and let them choose one person to answer their questions.

Post-Reading (8-10 minutes) • To provide with an opportunity to respond to the text and expand on what they've learned

First change Ss positions in order to have them work with different partners. Tell Ss they will read about two more created capital cities. Give out HO4. Tell Ss to read alone first. Give the following instructions: "Read your text alone. Don't show your text to your partner." Wait for their reading. After they finish reading, tell them ask their partners about their cities. T should instruct Ss to face each other so that they don't see their partner's questions. Ask them to guess their partners' cities. Do a demo before the activity. Also use ICQs: -Will you read alone first? Yes Will you read together? No -Why will you ask questions to your partners? to find the city Have Ss check their answers with their partner, and then T can lead WC FB. If-Time Activity: Give Ss a blank plane ticket. Ask them where they want to go now. Then, give them HO5. Ask them put the reasons in order according to their priorities ). Then tell them to ask their partner where they want to go and why.

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