deniz deniz

Pre-Int Level B1 level


In this lesson students, sts pratice the usage of adverbs of time: since and for within the frame of present perfect tense. The sts have a prior knowledge about present perfect tense. T will highlight the difference between since and for. Sts will consolidate their usage of since and for through speaking semi-controlled activity.


Main Aims

  • To clarify and elicit the usage of since/for grammer within the context of Present Perfect Tense

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide speaking semi-controlled for accuracy


Lead-in/ Warm up (2-5 minutes) • To set the context of the lesson and arouse sts's interest

T hangs the pictures of Josh, Sakia and Antonio on the board. T ask sts questions about these three people like " Who are they?" "What do we know about them?" "Where have they been?" in order to elicit the context from sts.

Highlighting target language (5-7 minutes) • To highlight the target language by an underlining activity

T aks gives HOs of the interview of Josh, Saskia and Antonio and asks them to underline the sentences with since and for in pairs then T gives a feedback with the whole class.

Clarification (7-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, the form and the pronounciation of the usage of since and for

T asks sts to answer these following questions "For how long Josh has been in Ibıza?" and For low long "Saskia has been in Ibıza?" then T writes the answers (for ten days and since 1997) on the board and draws two timelines with names Josh and Sakia. T asks CCQs as: when did Josh go to Ibiza? Do we know? Did the action start in past? Is it the begining of the period (since)? / Is it the period of time? (for) Is it untill now? When did Sakia go to Ibiza? and elicit the difference between since and for. Then, T writes since and for on the timeline. T indicates two marker sentences according to the questions and answers in the interview: I: How long have you been here? Josh: (For ten days) I have been here for ten days. I:How long have you been here?: Saskia: (Since 1997) I have been in here since 1997. Then T elicits the the positive negative, wh-question and negative question form from sts. T clarifies pronounciation of "since and for", marks stress and uses contraction technique.

Controlled practice 1 (4-5 minutes) • To enable sts to have written practice of the usage of since and for

T gives the exercise 1 on Workbook 52 to sts and asks them to do alone. They check the answers in pairs. T gives the answer key.

Semi-Controlled Practise (4-5 minutes) • To enable sts to have semi-controlled speaking practice of the usage of since and for

T ask sts to do exercise 1 (on the hand out) and also ask them to make two examples. Sts will work in pairs, make a peer check with other pairs and compare their answers. T will give feedback with the class.

Semi-Controlled Practise 2 (4-5 minutes) • To provide sts a written-speaking practice

T will ask sts to do exercise 2 alone which provides sts to focus on the negative form. T will ask them to peer check then sts will compare their answers and give feedback with the class.

Semi- Controlled Speaking Activity (4-5 minutes) • To provide sts to have a semi-controlled speaking activity

T will divide class into four groups each group. Each group will make sentences with for and since. T will give them five minutes to be prepared. The group which makes the more sentences will be the winner team. The answers of each team will be corrected by T and sts's.

Web site designed by: Nikue