Past Continuous
Pre-Intermediate level


In this lesson, Ss learn about the Past Continuous through guided discovery approach based on a reading text about 'a story behind the picture'. The lesson starts with a matching game with pictures and stories. There is gist reading task. Following that there will be grammar based exercises. Finally, there is some controlled practice and freer practice through role-playing.


Abc SB Page 128
Abc Personal Photos
Abc Google Images
Abc Audio of Exercise 2C
Abc SB Page 14

Main Aims

  • To provide Ss with clarification, review, and practice of past continuous in contrast with simple past in the context of stories behind photos.

Subsidiary Aims

  • Reading and Speaking


Warmer/Lead-in (6-8 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T will start with an idiom 'A Picture is worth a thousand words' T will hang ten different photographs on two different boards. Divide the class into two different groups. They will approximately have 4 minutes to find the stories for each picture hidden somewhere in the classroom and match them with the pictures before the time runs out. The winning group will be the one with most correct answers. Ten different photograph stories: We were having pizza in Milan. I was trying to take a photo of my shadow. I was holding my umbrella. We were partying in a club. They were singing Happy Birthday to me. I was petting a wild animal. I was walking my dog. We were eating the weirdest Ice-cream ever. I was sitting on a massive chair. We were celebrating Halloween.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Pre-teach vocabulary such as (go mad, convention center, screen, press pass) use visuals for support. First, do ex.1a let them look at the photo quickly and write their ideas on the board. Then Let them read the text for 2 minutes. Compare their ideas with the text. Ask individually ex. b. Finally for ex.1c pair them and give them three minutes to answer all the questions. Finally, let the pairs compare their answers.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

To encourage Ss to notice the TL-I'm going to use grammar ex.2A to help Ss notice the TL for themselves and think about the meaning.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Give them the HO of page 128 (ex.2A and 2B). Let them read and observe the HO for two minutes. Write on the board two different questions. What did u do last night? What were you doing last at 9 o'clock? Try to show them the difference between these two tenses. Draw a timeline for help. Write the form how we create past contino─▒us sentences I/He/She/It was watching TV. You/We/They were watching TV. I/He/She/It wasn't (was not) watching TV. You/We/They weren't (were not) watching TV. Was/Wasn't I/He/She/It watching TV? Were/Weren't You/We/They watching TV?

Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Use exercise 2c in pairs, let them listen to the Audio about sounds and tell them to make sentences with past continuous and past simple. Show the example page 14 for an example.

Semi-Controlled Practice (6-8 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Show on the board a busy scene picture (playground). Explain that Picture shows what was happening at exactly 10.00 in the morning. Help the students make sentences. The kid was sliding down the slide. Later take the photo off and let them write the examples they can remember. Ask them to work in pairs.

Free Practice (2-4 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Simultaneous actions. Get two students doing something at the same time. Talking on the phone and standing on a chair. After they sat down on their chairs, tell everyone to write in pairs the answer to this question. What were Student A and B doing one minute ago? Show the difference between present continuous.

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