To present "this" and some vocabulary items for common objects, with practice
Reading a text about student life
Procedure (39-53 minutes)
T asks some questions to Ss to set the context and engage them. "What's your job? Are there any students in this classroom? Unıversity students? Where do you stay? At home, in a flat or on a campus? Do you stay with your family or friends?" T asks the questions one by one and elicits the answers from the Ss. T helps their understanding using the visuals of home, flat and campus.
T asks the Ss to read the text quickly and match the students in the pictures with the texts. "Work individually. Read the text quickly. Match the pictures with the texts." She checks their understanding by saying: "1-A, 2-B..."??? She lets them check their answers in pairs and then gives WCFB.
T asks Ss to read the text in a more detailed way and do the scanning questions. "Work individually. Read the text in a detailed way and answer the questions." She asks ICQs: "???" In the elicitation stage, she asks students to justify their answers. In this way, she focuses their attention on the sentence 'This is normal in Germany.'
To focus their attention more and clarify the target grammar point, she asks them to work in groups, gives them some situation cards and asks them to decide whether this is normal in Turkey: ''Students live in a big flat with other students. Is this normal in Germany?" She elicits "yes". "And now work in groups. Read your statements. Are they normal in Turkey? Discuss with your friends." To check understanding, she does one of them with Ss. She gives WCFB and then comes the language analysis part.
For controlled activity, asks Ss some questions using "this" through the use of flashcards. "What's this?" and elicits the answers from the whole class. Then, she lets the Ss ask the questions and the others answer. For semi-controlled activity, T uses a bag which is full of common objects like pen, pencil, book, etc. Ss play a guessing game. They put their hand in the bag and try to guess the object. "Is this a ...?" If Ss give correct answers, they say: "Yes, this is ..." and if they give incorrect answers, they say: "No, this isn't... / No, this is not..." T shows them what they are going to do by doing it herself first.
T asks Ss to work in small groups and gives them some handouts. She gives the instructions: "Work with your group. Categorise the expressions into formal and informal." She sets the idea of informality by drawing pictures on the board (two friends saying "hi" to each other and a student and a teacher saying "hello" to each other) and checks their understanding by giving an example for both formal and informal use of language. She asks them to check their answers with another group and gives WCFB. For the last activity, learners mingle in the classroom and make a dialogue with different learners using the expressions. T finishes the lesson saying: "Goodbye, everyone."