Ceyhun Dikici Ceyhun Dikici

Teaching Practice-Present Perfect or Past Simple Tense
Pre-Intermediate level


In this lesson students look at the Present Perfect for past experience with ever/never, in contrast with the Past Simple. The context of the lesson is fashion and shopping.


Abc Photos
Abc Gap-Fill Handout
Abc Handouts

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of Present Perfect Tense for past experience, in contrast with Simple Past Tense. in the context of fashion and shopping

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy and fluency speaking practice through talking about past experiences in the context of fashion and shopping


Warmer/Lead-in (2-2 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

To activate the students' interest in the lesson, ask the students such questions: "How are you?" "Do feel OK? "Is everything alright? Give the handouts printed from the coursebook to the students.

Introducing the Context (8-8 minutes) • To stimulate interest in the text

Show some photos of three famous fashion designers and ask the students do they know these people? Students will guess who they are, after that I will show the brand logos of these fashion designers and ask them to guess who they are again. Later on, they are going to write three fashion designers in pair-work.

Reading for gist (4-4 minutes) • Ensure that students understand the content of the text

Give some time to students read the introduction part. Then, ask them some questions about the photos. (Do they know Kate Middleton? etc.)

Focus on Language (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Before making them read the whole interview, check their knowledge on the vocabulary in the sentences 1c. Tell them to compare their answers in pair-work and check the answers. Guessing the highlighted words. Tell them to look at the last four questions in the interview and answer the questions in 2a with their partners. Clarify the difference between Present Perfect Tense and Simple Past Tense. Give some copies to the students to slight the difference between the Present Perfect and the Past Simple. Tell them to work on the exercises individually. When they finish, they will compare their answers with their partners. Check the answers. (p.172/TB)

Focus on Pronunciation (8-8 minutes) • To check the students' understandings for the 'c' and 'ch' sounds.

Write on the board 'Cat' and 'City' and elicit their pronunciations. Highlight that 'c' can be pronounced /k/ or /s/. Tell the students put the words in a row (PW). Encourage them to pronounce.

Free Practice (8-8 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Tell the students to complete the questions in 6a. individually. Tell them to compare their answers with their partners. Check the answers. Focus on the questions and point out that some are in the past tense. Divide the class into two groups and tell them to ask the completed questions each other one by one and give them feedback at the end of the lesson.

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