Kenan Ipkıran Kenan Ipkıran

Grammar Lesson
Upper-Intermediate level


In this lesson students will learn and practice how to speculate about past, present and future. They will also improve some reading skills (gist) with the help of a paragraph about a hospital but they will mainly focus on grammar.


Abc Handout (photocopy)
Abc Pictures of sicknesses, diseases and injuries
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Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of speculation about past present and future using modals in the context of illnesses, sicknesses and diseases.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist reading practice using a text about people with health problems in the context of diseases.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

- Linking with Murat's lesson, set context with these questions; "What happens if I drink very water when I am sweaty?" "What happens if I don't stop smoking?" "What happens if I don't eat breakfast everyday?"

Test #1 (8-10 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

- Give them the instructions to do exercise 1 in the handout to get them engaged in and focused on TL - Peer check the answers

Teach (15-20 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

- Clarify the target language (see the language analysis sheet)

Test #2 (8-10 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

- Get the students' focus back on the handout and get them to do the second exercise to help them see that they are better after the language clarification - Give feedback for correction or answers

Free practice (13-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

- Put them in groups to talk about different people's health problems - Tell them to explain other people in the group what must / may / might / could / can't have happened to the people in the photos

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