To provide clarification of relative clauses in the context of comparison between today and 20 years ago.
To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a conversation and information gap practise in the context of favourite people
Procedure (45-58 minutes)
As a lead-in, the teacher initiates a class discussion things that are common today, but did not exist twenty years ago. Two examples are provided with realia also written on the board. - a touch screen phone and a laptop. -Students work individually to talk about examples. -Teacher elicits students' ideas, writing them on the board. -Students compare their ideas with the words in the box in pairs. -Meaning of the words will be checked later in Stage 2 -Teacher elicits how many of their ideas were included.
To provide a context for the target language for meaning, the text from the coursebook is given to students as a handout. - Ex. 2 Pg. 88 - (Cutting Edge Third Edition Intermediate Student's Book) -Students complete the matching task, working individually, and checking their answers in pairs after completing the task. -Answers are then checked with the teacher feedback. Answers: 1 an app store 2 sat-nav 3 password 4 guyliner 5 blogger 6 wi-fi hotspot 7 personal trainer 8 internet addict 9 Facebook wall 10 energy drink
-Meaning: Since meaning is established through a text in Stage 2, Form and Pronunciation steps are followed in this stage. Modal sentences are provided below. -Form: "Who" - This relative pronoun is used to talk about people, it is the subject of the clause. An engineer is a person. He constructs buildings. -Target Language Form: An engineer is a person who constructs buildings. "Which" - Subject or object pronoun for things, places and animals. Example: Australia is a country. Australia is very nice. -Target Language Form: Australia is a country which is very nice. -"Whose" - John is an old guy. His favorite activity is reading. Target Language Form: John is an old guy, whose favorite activity is reading. "That" - Subject or object pronoun for people, animals and things. (the use of who or which are also fair). Example : An engineer is a person. He works on a construction site. -Target Language Form: An engineer is a person that works on a construction site. Ex : Australia is a very hot country. It has very hot summers. -Target Language Form: Australia is a very hot country that has very hot summers. -Pronunciation: -Each sentence provided above is drilled in two chunks, in order to familiarise the students with both form and pronunciation of the target language. -This stage is concluded with a 4 sentence gap-fill activity, answers of which are elicited from the students. -The activity is projected on to the board by the teacher. -Answers who and that are used to refer to people. which and that are used to refer to things. where is used to refer to locations and places. whose is used to replace possessives. -After the Form, Pronunciation, and a short target language rules activity, students go back to the text, and underline the relative pronouns. Answers: 2- that 3- which 4- n/a 5- who 6- where 7- n/a 8-whose 9- where 10- which
-The gap-fill activity 1a from the course book is provided as an handout to students by the teacher. -Students work individually to complete the task, checking their answers in pairs afterwards. -They are given 5 minutes to complete the task, and the teacher monitors as they are completing the task. -Teacher feedback is given to check the answers with the whole class, followed by error correction. Answer key: photocopier, that/which bodyguard, that/who launderette, where plumber, whose vacuum cleaner, that/which
-Students are instructed to write sentences using the prompts, through target language for each one. -Students work individually, and they are given 5 minutes to complete the task. -Teacher's feedback is conducted for the answers, along with error correction. -Words are provided below with the answer key. A cooker is a machine that/which cooks food A cleaner is a person that/who you pay to clean your house or office. A dry cleaner's is a shop where they clean your clothes for you. A decorator is a person whose job is to paint houses. A stationer's is a shop where you buy office supplies. A boiler is a machine that/which heats water for baths, etc.
-Flashcard of people, object and things are handed out to students and they asked to describe their cards using the target language. -Teacher gives them an example, demoing the use of target language. -Students walk around the classroom, talking about their flashcard without telling what they are, others try to guess what it is. -While the students are speaking, the teacher monitors and takes notes on errors. -Delayed error correction is conducted through teacher feedback, eliciting correct forms.