Merve Öztürk Merve Öztürk

M. Ozturk TP#5b
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will learn about the usage of ''usually'' and ''used to'' by guided discovery approach. This approach will help the learners work out the rules for themselves.Just before the lesson, they will be read about a couple who met in an unusual place. Sts then listen to four more people talking about where they met their partners, and extracts from the listening provide a lead-in to the grammar which revises and consolidates the use of used to for past habits and states, and contrasts it with the way we express present habits. The pronunciation, which is the sub-aim of the class, focus is on linking in fast speech, with a special focus on the pronunciation of used to, and this is followed by a controlled oral grammar practice stage.


Abc Latham-Koenig, C. & Oxenden, C. (2013) English File Intermediate 3rd Ed. WkBk Oxford
Abc Latham-Koenig, C. & Oxenden, C. (2013) English File Intermediate 3rd Ed. TsBk Oxford
Abc Latham-Koenig, C. & Oxenden, C. (2013) English File Intermediate 3rd Ed. SsBk Oxford

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification between the use of ''used to'' and present habits following by a controlled oral practice focused on using the language accurately.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy of speaking practice in a discussion in the context of habitual past.


Lead-in • To generate interest in the topic/theme/context of the listening.

Focus on the instructions and give Ss time to think about how a couple they know met. Put Ss in two circles (if they are even-numbered) or in pairs and get them to share their stories. Get some feedback and if you have a story about meeting a person in unusual circumstances, tell the class.

Listening Task#1 • To contextualise and introduce the TL.

Focus on the instructions and on places. A-E in 1a. Write A-E on the board for easier referance. Play the audio once, pausing after each speaker for Ss to write the correct letter. Get them to compare with a partner and then play the audio again if necessary. Check the answers.

Listening Task#2 • To keep on practising listening for gist.

Tell Ss they will listen again and they must write down more details about how the people met. Play the audio and pause it after the first speaker. Get Ss to compare their notes with a partner and then elicit as many details as possible. Repeat for the other speakers. Find out with a show of hands which meeting Ss found the most romantic.

Highlighting Target Language • To highlight the TL so that learners are focussed on it.

Focus on the task and the two questions. Do this as an open-class activity and elicit answers. When do we use ''used to''? How do you make negatives and questions? How would you change these sentences (using usually) if you wanted to talk about present habits or situations?

Clarifying Target Language • To: clarify meaning so learners understand it, clarify the pronunciation so learners know how to say it, clarify form so that learners know how to construct it.

Hand the grammar part from the grammar book (1st and 2nd) Focus on the example sentences and play the audio for Ss to listen to the sentence rhythm. Then go through the rules with the class. Then focus on the exercises on grammar book (a and b) and get Ss to do them individually. Check answers by giving them the answer key.

Language Practice#1 • To provide controlled oral/written practice focused on using the language accurately.

Play the audio once the whole way through for Ss just to listen. Then play the audio again, pausing after each sentence for Ss to listen and drill.

Language Practice#2 • To provide freer oral practise and use the language productively.

Give Ss a few minutes to choose their three topics and plan what they are going to say. Put Ss in pairs, A and B. Tell the As to start talking about their first topic, giving as much information as they can and then Bs do the same afterwards.

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