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Grammar lesson 2
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students learn/review about past simple, continuous and perfect through a guided discovery based on reading about cheating in sports. The lesson starts with a discussion about sports where cheating is most common. This is followed by reading for gist. Finally, there is a controlled practice through gap filling activity and freer practice to talk about a personal anecdote.


Abc Audio CD Track 10,11,12,13
Abc Reading passage " Taking a short cut", page 46-47
Abc Gap filling activity , "Famous (cheating)moments in sport ", Page 47
Abc Cut up topics from speaking activity , page 47
Abc Discussion questions , 6-a ,Page 46

Main Aims

  • To introduce/review and give the Ss practice in Past simple,continuous and perfect .

Subsidiary Aims

  • To enable students to speak fluently in the context of telling a story or anectode in the past .


Lead in / Building context (5-6 minutes) • To generate Ss's interest in the topic of cheating in sports .

-Teacher gives students the following questions to open a discussion around the topic of sports and to elicit sports where cheating is most common. Questions: In your country, is cheating considered a serious problem in sport? In 'what sports do you think cheating is most common? \Vhat kind of things do people do when they cheat? -Students will discuss the questions in pairs, then a whole class feedback.

Reading task (6-7 minutes) • To practice reading for details and to contextualised the introduce the target language .

-Students will scan through the text " taking a short cut " and will answer individually a question about how the girl cheated in the race. - They will check their answers in pairs. -The teacher will give the right answer.

Highlighting target language (6-7 minutes) • To highlight the target language so that learners are focussed on it .

-Ss will answer three question,6-c, about the kind of function of the highlighted verbs in the text which indicate respectively the past simple, perfect and continuous. -Ss will check their answers in pairs. -Ss will go around the class to see the answer key on the wall.

Clarifying target language (9-12 minutes) • To clarify meaning, pronunciation and form of the target language

-The T Elicits the tenses of the highlighted verbs from the students. -The T clarifies the meaning and form through a timeline to clarify the use of the three tenses. CCQs: When do we use Past simple? ( we use it for finished actions in the past or when we say, ask, or know when they happened). When do we use Past perfect? before or after the past simple ? (Before) Does an action in the present continuous take time to happen? (It takes time because it's in progress in the past ) -Ss drills the modal sentences to focus on the rhythm (If time: listening to the audio,10-13, and drilling)

Language practice (8-13 minutes) • To provide controlled and freer practice and use of the target language

- Ss will do a controlled practice where they will fill in the blanks with the right tense of the given verbs, exercise 6-e, Page 47. ICQ: What are you going to do? - The teacher will monitor and go around to support the students who need help. -Ss will check their answers in pairs. -Then they will find the answer key under their chairs. In the second part of the practice stage students will do a freer oral practice: -The teacher will give different topics and questions for the student to talk about in groups of three and tell anecdotes in relation to the topics using the three aspects of the simple past ICQs: Are you going to talk about all the topics? (No, just one topic) Which tenses do we use when we tell a story? (Past simple, continuous and perfect) topics: 1-A time you cheated (in a sport I game or in an exam) 2-A really exciting sports event you saw 3-A time you had an accident or got a sports injury 4-A time you got lost

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