Kaouther Kaouther

Intermediate level


In this lesson, Ss will have practiced vocabulary in the context of society and change. They will see some pictures about some aspects in the past and the present: buildings, cars, technology... They will compare between the past and the present using decrease/increase, rise/fall, etc. Then as a final step, they will speak in groups about some changes in their country, Tunisia.


Abc Papers
Abc Projector
Abc Pictures
Abc Answer keys

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of decrease/increase, deteriorate, rise/fall in the context of society and change

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of society and change


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Put pictures around the room in pairs (old/new) and ask Ss to stand up and walk around and try to elicit them to understand the evolution and society change from them.

Highlighting (10-12 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Pre-teach the following: decrease/increase, deteriorate. Increase: Take the picture of the old/new cars and ask them for example in Tunis, did the number of cars *beep* (motion with hand as in up)? Decrease: And what's the opposite of increase? ICQs: So are we talking about numbers? Deteriorate: Show Ss picture of China. Because of the society evolution and pollution, the air's quality became so bad that they can hardly breathe it. So we say that the air quality has ______. ICQs: Can we say the number of cars has deteriorated? So, are we talking about number or quality/condition? Give me some example of things that can deteriorate Give students handouts and ask them to listen and match the word in A with the most suited option in B. Demonstration: do the first one together as a whole class. Ask them to match the rest individually. For feedback, they first do pair check, then listen again to check, then give them answer key. As a second step, give them the tapescript and to underline the words and phrases that helped them find the answer. Demonstration: do the first one together and provide answer key with the projector.

Clarification (3-5 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Increase: Ask again when do we use increase? What about the noun? Pronunciation: 'inc-rease (n)/inc-'rease (v) Drill Decrease: Pronunciation: 'dec-rease (n)/dec-'rease (v) Drill Deteriorate: When do we use it? Is it a verb? Pronunciation: de-'te-ri-o-rate Drill Improve: What's the opposite of deteriorate? So we use it when talking about q____ Is it a verb? Pronunciation: imp-'rove Drill Improvement: What's the noun from improve? Pronunciation: imp-'rove-ment Drill

Controlled Practice (9-11 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Give students handouts and do the first sentence of the first exercise together as a whole class then ask them to finish the rest of the sentences individually. Instruction: Tell them that they're working in groups and that each group will work on only one text. ICQs: Are you working in pairs? Are you going to do all texts? After they're finished, ask them to stand up and mingle to ask and finish the rest of the texts from their friends.

Free Practice (10-12 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ask Ss to work in groups and put the charts using the projector. Tell them that these charts are related to Tunisia and ask them to choose 3 topics to talk about using those charts to either indicate that the number has risen/fallen... Inform them that they can use sentences similar to the matching exercise. Hand them some papers to write down their thoughts and give them 2 minutes to gather some thoughts about the chosen topics individually then have them discuss them. If there's time, make the groups mingle and talk to other groups about their opinion regarding the common topics.

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