Ismail Ismail

Mobile phones
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will be introduced to modals of obligation { Must, have to, and should}, through guided discovery approach based on the reading text in the book( Guide to mobile phone etiquette-Page 38).


Abc Handout 1

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of Modals of obligation in the context of Mobile phones.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide speaking practice in the context of what one "should or should not do on a first date.


Lead-in (2-5 minutes) • To get student interested in the topic.

T shows Ss 2 mobile phone pictures.One pic shows phone in vibration mode and the other one shows someone using his phone and people around him give him a a face. T- asks Ss to work in pair and answer the following question: "what do the two pictures try to tell us?" Ss come up with answers and T write them on the board. T Starts eliciting the word "Etiquette"

Pre-teach vocabulary • To help students understand the topic of the lesson

T focuses on explaining the word" Etiquette" as this can help Ss understand the context of the lesson.

Highlighting the target language (4-10 minutes) • To provide context for and highlight the target language

T gives Ss reading text P.38 and asks Ss work to pairs to match phrases with their meaning. T monitors and takes notes while Ss do the task. Then, Ss share their answers with their partner. T offers feedback if needed.

Clarifying target language (4-10 minutes) • To hep students understand the form

At this point, Ss are given a handout and are asked to complete the pattern with the missing words. T tell Ss that they need to base their answers on the reading text already given to them. Ss need to work in pairs.

Pronunciation • To help student practice saying modals

T prepares sentences with modal verbs and practice them with Ss. T uses the back-chaining technique and then the other way around. Then, T drills with students individually ( if time permits)

Controlled practice • To provide allow students to use the target grammar

T asks them to come up with 5 tips about what one should or shouldn't do on a first. Ss work in pairs and then turn to the person next to them and compare their answers.

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