Amen Amen

TP4 - First Conditional
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will be introduced to when and how to use the first conditional using clauses with "if", "when", "as soon as", "until", "unless" and "before". This will be enhanced by a controlled practice activity, then a freer practice activity.


Abc Role cards
Abc Prezi Presentation
Abc Gap-fill Handout
Abc Text Handout
Abc White board
Abc Markers

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification about when and how to use First Conditional.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To be introduced to some new vocabulary in the context of work and job opportunities.


Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

In relation to the previous lesson, ask students what will they do if they lose their job giving them the example on the white board: "If I lose my job, I ..." Introduce Clare, Kevin and Lorna & Ian and let students speculate about what might their story be (they will discover it later when reading the text).

Vocabulary pre-teaching (3-5 minutes) • To clarify the meaning of some new vocabulary before the reading activity

Pre-teach: "plumber" using Clare's picture as a visual support. Pre-teach: "resign" and "run (a hotel)" through elicting the meaning from the students.

Highlighting (Reading) (2-3 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Ask students to read the 3 short texts and the quotes on the side and write who said each quote. Show them key answers on the white board.

Language clarification (10-12 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Use the sentence from the first quote as an example to present the First Conditional. Highlight the form, function, meaning (check understanding using CCQs), phonology and punctuation.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To encourage the students to practise the target language and correct them if needed

Give the students the gap-fill handout and give clear instructions. Closely monitor the students when doing the task. Ask students to check their answers in pairs. O/C feedback.

Freer Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Each student gets a card with a job written on it (ask students not to show their cards to each other). In groups, tell students that they are now in a hot air balloon flying in the air and then, all of a sudden, a bird comes and pierces the balloon. Now the balloon is losing altitude and someone needs to be thrown out of the balloon so that they can be saved. Each one will need to convince the others that he has to stay alive because he is somehow important to the world (without saying what his job is). Students will have to find out each other's jobs using if-sentences. Show students demo. Monitor students discretely. O/C feedback.

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