Damla Damla

Intermediate level


In this lesson, students learn about the following past tenses : past simple and present perfect. Students will be taught signal words and learn when to use each tense. They will practice their ability to differentiate between the two both in written and spoken form.


Abc Straightforward intermediate, student's book
Abc face2face Intermediate - Student's Book

Main Aims

  • Language Focus : Grammar ( Use of past simple & present perfect )

Subsidiary Aims

  • Practice speaking (using newly learned grammar)


Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • to direct the student's focus to the topic that's going to be covered

- Ask students questions regarding a text they read in the previous lesson - Elicit the word 'never' in order to get them to recognize that this is a signal word for using the "present perfect" - Ask students to find examples for "past simple" and "present perfect" within the text they just read - Get them to come up to the board and categorize them into columns accordingly

Activity #1 (5-7 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

Cut up signal words for both the "present perfect" and the "past simple" and have students organize them in groups ( of 4) ( phrases found on p 21, activity 2 ) - Give them a handout including an answer key to check their answers themselves

Visualize both forms and their differences on the board (5-10 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

- Put timelines on the board - explain once again that while one's use is time specific, the other is not

Practice ( fill in blanks ) exercise (8-10 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again

- Have students work in pairs to do exercise 3, have them work together to find the correct answers - Take w/c feedback , deal with questions

Free practice (13-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

- Have students arrange their cut- up pieces in circles on their tables and give previously created groups dices - Students move around the table the number of times the dice shows and end up on one certain expression - Have the student then form a sentence using the expression ( and the appropriate tense )

Fill-in-the-blank group activity • to make student apply new grammar as well as communicate

- Divide students into A and B groups - Have them fill in blanks in exercise 3A - Give them answer keys ( found on several places in the classroom) - Have group A students as group B students questions from the exercise and vice versa

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