Roy Anderson Roy Anderson

Copy of Second conditional
Pre-intermediate English /A2 level


In this lesson, students will be taught the second conditional using if clause and main clause in the context of "If...., I would/wouldn't" statements with review of first conditional using if and will clauses. Students will get practice in speaking for fluency and accuracy through sentence construction using hypothetical situations (unreal).


Abc What do you say?
Abc Cut-ups of hypothetical situations

Main Aims

  • To provide students with grammar in the form of the second conditional in the context of hypothetical situations (unreal) using if and would/wouldn't clauses.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To give students practice in speaking for fluency and accuracy in the context of "what would you do" questions.


Warmer/Lead-in (5-8 minutes) • To provide students with the context of the lesson

T uses a story about a thief in the Metro Station to set the context and engage the students. I will elicit from Ss what they would have done in that situation. "If this was you, what would you do?"

Second conditional --would/wouldn't using if clause. (10-12 minutes) • To review first conditional and introduce the second conditional to Ss and give them opportunity in speaking for fluency and accuracy in the context of hypothetical ideas/situations.

T will quickly review first conditional using if/when/before/after with will clause. Sample sentence will be shown. i.e., If I miss the bus, I will take the Metro. T will introduce on WB the second conditional--would/wouldn't with explanation to Ss about use ---unreal situations/unlikely to happen/nearly impossible/improbable. (0 - 1% chance) Use of cline to show probability difference between 1st and 2nd conditional. Example: If I won the lottery, I would (I'd) buy a new car. If + I + past simple, I + would (I'd) + verb base form Note: The two clauses can be switched with comma removed. T will give HO to use would/wouldn't. Ss will pair up and check their answers. WCF

Cut-ups to construct conversations (10-12 minutes) • To get Ss to create their own sentences using second conditional using hypothetical situations to practice speaking for fluency and accuracy.

Ss will pair up. T will give cut-ups to paired students to create their own dialogue using hypothetical situations. Students will have sentence prompt to create their dialogue. (I would..... .) Example: (prompt words) miss your bus. I would..... take the next bus.

Short story with choose the correct response sentence. (10-12 minutes) • To give students opportunity to use first and second conditionals together in the form of a worksheet.

T will give Ss a HO with hypothetical situation texts for students to choose the correct response sentence. T will demo #1 on the WB. ICQ's to clarify instructions. Ss will pair up and discuss their answers. T will review WC.

Student mingle with "Find someone who...." exercise (5-8 minutes) • To get Ss speaking for accuracy and fluency in class mingle using 3 "what would you do?" hypothetical situations.

T will give Ss a Find someone who .... worksheet with 3 hypothetical situations and Ss will mingle asking each other, "What would you do if.....", with students using "I would ......" responses. Students will decide on the response.

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