Anna  Anna

Anna TP 7
Upper-intermediate B2 level


In this lesson, the Ss will learn about functional language: asking for & giving clarification. In the lead in, Ss will discuss an uncomfortable situation, where they don`t understand something and will be asked to describe how they would feel and what they would say and how they would solve it. Then, Ss will be presented a photo from the boardroom and elicit the TL. Ss will produce the TL, asking for and giving clarification, which will be highlighted and clarified later in the lesson, followed by a controlled, semi-controlled and a free exercise. In the reflection stage of the lesson, Ss will think and talk about what the lesson was about.


Abc HO2
Abc HO1
Abc Photo - Boardroom
Abc Textbook

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of the target language used for asking for and giving advise in the context of politically correct and incorrect situations.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy and fluency speaking practice in asking for and giving clarification in the context of politically correct and incorrect situations.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T will say " Everyday we experience situations, where we don't understand, we are unclear or confused, maybe sometimes uncomfortable." T to Ss: Close your eyes and think of such a situation at home, school, work. Think how you feel and what you say and how you react. Think of a way to make the situation better. You can write it down and talk to your partners about it for a minute. ICQ - what are you doing? Thinking, writing, and talking about your own uncomfortable situation

Exposure (6-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Ss will be presented with a photo from a boardroom, showing a group of confused, unhappy coworkers. Ss will be asked to brainstorm what the image is showing, where is it taking place, how is the atmosphere, is it relaxed, clear, friendly, do they understand? Ss will be asked to imagine what the coworkers could be talking about. The Ss will be asked what specific people from the photo could be saying (e.g. is the guy on the far right feeling relaxed? Does he understand? NO If the people don't understand, what do they need from the speaker? clarification. And how would they ask for clarification? I don't follow. What are you saying/suggesting? And to clarify, the speaker would answer -- "What I'm saying is that.../ What I meant to say is that/ My point is..." (giving clarification). This will be the elicitation from the Ss of the TL by T. The TL of functional language: asking for and giving clarification.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Ss will produce sets of sentences from the people in the context boardroom photo. People that do not understand, and the person that explains. Ss will brainstorm and say what do the people say when they don't understand, they aren't clear? (E.g. I don't follow. So, what you are saying is that..? What are you suggesting?) And what does the explaining person say? (What I'm saying is basically that.... My point is that... What I meant to say is that...)

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T will CCQ the model sentences, e.g. When someone says "I don't follow" does it mean they are clear or not? Do they understand or not? (They don't understand), When someone says "Basically, what you are saying is that...." Are you asking for clarification, some kind of confirmation or are you clear? (I'm asking for clarification). When someone says "What I meant to say was that..." is he/she asking or clarifying? (clarifying). Ss will be asked What is the statement starting with "what" called? What clause. Pronunciation: Ss are asked to repeat (DRILL) "What are you suggesting? I don't follow. What I meant to say was that... Basically, you're saying that... What + aux + S + verb-ing? What + S + meant (mean) + to + verb (infinitive) + was (is) + that....

Controlled Practice (4-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ss will be given a HO 1 with exercise nr 1 on p. 63 in from the Straightforward Upper-intermediate Student Book. They will be divided into two groups: Group A and Group B. Group A will find the 'asking for clarification' sentences, while Group B will be asked to find the "explaining what you mean" sentences. ICQ - What is group A doing? categorizing by "asking for clarification" What is group B doing? categorizing by "giving explanation" Ss will then be asked to check the answers with others and finally Ss will say the answers out loud. T will error correct and CCQ if necessary (ask the reason for chosen answers). T will write sentences on WB by grouping them.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Ss will be asked to complete ex. 2 from p. 63 using the words in bold from ex.1. The Ss then will be asked to check their answers with peers. The Ss then will listen to a recording 1.41 and 1.42 which will give them the correct answers, like a listening asnwer key. Ss then will be given HO2 and will be divided into 2 groups A&B and participate in a role play that they will create given some helpful suggestions from p. 63 ex 1 & 2 Speaking - Roleplay. Ss will be given 3 min to prepare a brief roleplay between Frank and his boss(mentioned in previous lesson). Ss then will work in pairs A & B (Frank and the boss) to present a dialog.

Free Practice (6-7 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ss will be asked to think about their lives and recent unclear situations that they have encountered and that demanded clarification; at work, at home, at a post office. And they will be asked how they handled them. Using the TL, the Ss will briefly recreate these events and share with peers. ICQ - What are we doing? Think of an example of an unclear situation and how it was handled. Is it someone else example? No, it's Ss' own. At the end of the lesson, T summarize the lesson by asking Ss "What did we talk about today?" - asking for and giving clarification. Why do we ask and clarify? To avoid conflicts and to strenghten communication.

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