Soner Yaşar Soner Yaşar

Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will talk about some of the turning points in their lives and focus on some of these in the teacher's own life. They will be working on the third conditional as the target language. At the end of the lesson students will have a chance to speculate on what could have happened in their own lives as free practice.


Abc Teacher's own materials

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of the third conditional in the context of the most important events in our lives

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of what could have happened to the most important events of our lives


Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Have Ss talk about some of the most important events, the milestones, of their lives, and some of the decisions they made in those circumstances. Ss work in pairs. Have brief w/c discussion afterwards to get some opinions.

Exposure (6-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Show Ss four pictures projected on wb. They are taken at different stages of teacher's life. Ask Ss to predict what they are, why they are important in T's life. Ss work in pairs to discuss. After brief session, Ss will be given a reading text to confirm their predictions. Ss check predictions with their partners. Have brief w/c discussion to get clarification.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Give Ss cut-up sentences in the third conditional. Ss will try and match the if clause with the appropriate main clause. Ss work in pairs and try to match sentence halves. Give time to peer check and then provide answer key.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Ss are given a guided discovery HO to analyze and notice the features of the target language. Ss work in pairs as they go through the HO. Allow time for peer check. Nominate S who has trouble with an item on HO; s/he gets to ask another S for the answer. (Keep this brief and provide answer key) Get Ss to write answers for item #5 on wb with black marker. Focus on meaning, form and pronunciation once again using a model sentence. Drill and show phonemic transcriptions for "would have" and "I'd have".

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Chest HO with stem sentences. Ss in pairs will try to complete these stem sentences in a meaningful way. Set time limit: 4 minutes. Monitor closely as Ss try to work out these sentences together. When time is up, Ss will peer check, and then T starts reading the first half of sentence #1, nominates one S to read his/her answer. This S will then read the given part of sentence #2, nominate another S to complete it and so on until all sentences are complete. Provide key with possible answers.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Get Ss into groups of 3. Ss in groups will remind one another the most important events of their lives. After one S tells the others his/her "milestone", the other Ss in group will comment on it trying to use the third conditional, thus creating branches in one another's life stories. While Ss are talking, T monitors for examples of good language and sentences needing some modifications. Write good examples on board first and ask for a reformulation of a problematic sentence. Praise good work!

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