sakir sakir

Past Passive
B2.1 level


In this lesson, students will learn about the past passive through guided discovery based on a reading text about the Coca-Cola. The lesson commences with a question regarding a Coca-Cola advert. Then the students read the text for gist and detail. This is followed by a set of questions about the text. Then the teacher clarifies the target language using guided discovery. Next, students do a gap-fill task. Finally, they do a matching activity using active and passive sentences.


Abc Grammar Analysis Hand out
Abc Coca-Coca advert,
Abc Cut up sentences from
Abc Hand Out adapted from New Headway Pre-Intermediate, L and J Soars, Oxford University Press, pg 87,89

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of Past Passive in the context of Reading about Coca-Cola

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide writing practice of short sentences using past passive.


Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Teacher shows a picture to the students and asks them to think about it. The students write down 3 to 5 words which spring to their mind.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text

-Teacher gives Ss a handout which contains a reading text about Coca-Cola -Students read it for gist then answer question one. -They check their answers in pair. -Whole class feed back -Students read the text again for details then answer question two individually. -Students check their answers in pairs. -Whole class feed back

Clarification (14-16 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

-Teacher gives Ss Grammar Analysis handout. 1- They answer the first question with a partner: Model sentences: 1. Only nine drinks a day were sold. 2. The first factory was opened in 1895. Questions: *Is this in the past, present or future? *From these sentences, do we know who did these things? *Is it important to know who did these things? *What is important in these sentences? -WCFB 2- Students rewrite the model sentences so that we know who did these things. 3- Then they decide if the sentences in question 2 are passive or active. 4- Students try to discover the form. Subject + was / were + verb3 (past participle) 5- They underline all the examples of the past passive in the text.

Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

-Students are given a gap-fill handout. -They put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense, active or passive. -Ss check in pairs. -WCFB

Semi-Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check further

-In pairs, the students are given cut up sentences (9 active and 9 passive). -They match active and passive sentences that have the same meaning. -Students check the other pairs' answers. -Answer keys are given.

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