Aleksei Kudriashov Aleksei Kudriashov

First and Second Conditional Types
Pre-Intermediate level


In this lesson, Ss will learn about first and second conditionals and will compare it to see differences in meaning and form.


Main Aims

  • To provide practice of first and second conditionals in the context of family

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy and fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of family


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Grouping: no-brothers(sisters) or 1, 2-3, more than 3. Ask Ss to talk in pairs about how hard was it to their parents to bring children up

Test #1 (8-10 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language

1) Ask Ss to think what will they say to their relatives if they call during the lesson. Write on the WB: If my relatives ... 2) Ask Ss to talk in pairs how their lives would be different if they had a different number of siblings (0-1 to 3, 2-3 to 5, more than 3 to 1). Ask Ss to talk in pairs how lives would be different if they had no parents Monitor and take notes on issuing problems.

Teach (15-20 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language where students had difficulty in the first test stage

Write on the board a few sentences written down from the Ss' discussion, some with mistakes and some without. Ask Ss in groups to discuss the marker sentences and find mistakes. Meaning Elicit the meanings for first and second conditionals Drill the difference. If necessary, write on the WB: 'If I have more time, I will spend it with my family' and 'If I had more time, I would spend more time with my family'. Ask Ss to discuss the difference in pairs and elicit it: real, possible vs unreal, imaginary (See Anticipated problems and solutions 1) Form In the marker sentences, if clause and the probability clause will be discussed in groups and, then, the answers will be elicited Pronunciation Contraction forms will be drilled. Backchaining and fingers techniques. Stress drill.

Test #2 (8-10 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

Ss choose the correct conditional types for gapped sentences. Feedback in groups and writing on the WB.

Free practice (13-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ask Ss to finish the sentence in groups: If my brother/sister comes, I ... Monitor and do immediate error correction. Ask Ss to talk in pairs about what would change in their lives if all their relatives lived in one big house. Ask them to describe the house and their day routine changes. CCQ: Is it real? Which conditional will you use? Model: I would ... Monitor and do immediate error correction. If mistakes are similar and persistent, do a delayed error correction on the WB.

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