Maria Sara Dorrego Carreira Maria Sara Dorrego Carreira

The time lesson
Elementary level

Description

In this lesson, students learn the different ways of telling the time in English. The lesson starts identifying different time periods and objects that tell the time. This is followed by some controlled practice on ways of telling the time and the use of prepositions of time ('to', 'from' and 'at'). After this, the students will practice listening for specific information. The lesson finishes with a speaking activity to practise speaking for accuracy.

Materials

Abc Realia
Abc Student's book

Main Aims

  • To provide the Ss with clarification/review and practice of functional language for telling the time

Subsidiary Aims

  • To give Ss practice in listening for specific information and speaking for accuracy

Procedure

Lead-in (3-3 minutes) • To generate interest in the topic of 'Time'

-Write the riddle on the board. Riddle. What is it? Between Turkey and China there are five. Between China and New York there are twelve. Between New York and Spain there are six. Answer: hours -Elicit answers from the Ss. -Ss' feedback onto the w/b

Pre-teach vocabulary (8-10 minutes) • To remove barries to Ss' practice of the target language

Ex 1: - Ss do activity 1 in pairs. Show Ss which word is the first one ('a second'). Monitor. Whole class feedback. Use flashcards. Drill. Clap hands to show the stress when necessary. Ex. 2 - Clarify meaning of 'cooker'. CCQs: Where in the house can we find a cooker? In the kitchen What do we use it for? For preparing or heating food/cooking Do you know another word for cooker? Oven/stove

Presentation stage (8-10 minutes) • To focus Ss on the target language, clarifying meaning, form and pronunciation.

- -Ss do exercise 2b and 2c in pairs.Peer check. Nominate Ss for answers. Collective and individual drill. - Elicit times with a real clock. Drill. -Give the clock to S1. S1 asks the time to S2. S2 answers and takes the clock. S2 asks the time to S3.... - Draw on the w/b two clocks (1) and (2). In Clock (2) write 'past', 'to', 'o'clock', 'quarter' and 'half'. Elicit times from the Ss according to clock (1) or (2). Highlight possible mistakes in the form (i.e. 'fifteen past six') Drill. Model and drill the times. Highlight the pronounciation of 'quarter' and 'half'.

Controlled practice (10-12 minutes) • To provide the Ss with controlled practice of the target language

Ex. 3. - Clarify meaning: 'watch' and 'clock'. CCQs: Look at pictures 2 and 5: Are they the same? No (Elicit the lexis from the Ss) Which one is bigger? The clock Which one can we wear (like we wear a ring or a necklace)? The watch -Ss do ex 3. SOLO/Peer check/Nominate Ss for answers Ex. 4. - Explain the Ss that they will listen to 3 conversations that they have to match to the pictures in ex. 2a). Make clear that there are 6 pictures but they won't hear all the times in the pictures. SOLO. Peer check. Whole class feedback.

Language focus (8-10 minutes) • To provide Ss with functional language for asking the time

Ex. 5. -Ss fill the gaps in pairs. Nominate Ss for answers. Appropiacy: which is more polite? Elicit answers from Ss. Draw a cline on the w/b. -Use the w/b to explain the meaning of the preposition of time 'from', 'to' and 'at' 'I work from eight to four' CCQ's: At what time do I start working? At eight (use the answers to explain the meaning of 'at', giving/eliciting more examples) At what time do I finish working? At four So, is it a period of time? Yes - Ss do exercise 5b). PW. Whole class FB. Drill. Separate sentences into 'chunks' if Ss find the pronounciation difficult.

Semi-controlled practice (5-8 minutes) • To provide Ss with semi-controlled oral practice of the target language

-Give the HO to the Ss. Instructions: Write 3 times in 3 of the clocks. (Use w/b to show an example) We draw the hands of the clock. Ask each other about the time. (Make a demonstration with a S.) Don't look at you partners clocks! Just listen their answer and write it in your paper. ICQs: -How many times will you write? Three - What will you write on the other 3 clocks? My partner's times - Monitor and write down possible mistakes. - Check if what you wrote is correct.

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