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A2/B1 level


Past perfect


Main Aims

  • To provide ss with initial exposure to and practice using the past perfect tense in the context of "Travel Problems"

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide ss with speaking practice using the past perfect tense in the context of "Travel Problems"


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

GROUPING: -Regroup students into 4 main groups in the front row to energize to ensure all ss are sitting in the front row WB, CONTEXT: -Teacher outlines task - will show a picture for 30s. which is better, travel alone or with friends? (if you say travel alone, give one advantage and vice versa) work in pairs and ask each other that question and give 1 reason why solo/group travel is better. -Teacher projects image of solo traveller. 30s. -Teacher gives 3 minutes to discuss. -Teacher gets WCFB.

Exposure (5-6 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Teacher will introduce the TL via reading material in this stage. Give instruction for task: -Ss will receive a short story about travelling. -Ss will receive 3 sentences about the story. -Read the story for 1 minute. -Read alone. -Then turn the paper over. -Look at the 3 sentences and pick the best lesson about the story. ICQ: -are you going to read or listen ? -are you going to read together or alone ? -how much time do you have? -what are you going to do after that?

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Give instruction for next task (complete the blanks in reading text using 5 sentences): -Read 5 sentences that will be given. -Read the text again. -Fill in the blanks in the text with the 5 sentences. -5-6 minutes -Work alone. Give instruction for when task is done. -Ask ss to check with peers. -3 minutes. Teacher monitors and see if everybody gets it. If ss are able to do it themselves, give answer key. And make room for questions 1-2minutes. If not, give 3 mins for T-S FB. Teacher highlight two sentences on WB. Ask how many actions are in the sentence. Teacher can perhaps gesture the different actions. Ask what is the difference between the 2 actions in the sentence in terms of form.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Show ss the model sentences on WB. MEANING: -Let's explore the meaning for each one. -First show one sentence with past simple and past perfect. Ask ss if they notice the difference. -Show timeline. -Highlight pattern. -Ask CCQs: 1. are we talking about the past, the present, or the future? 2. one action or many action? 3. is it/are they still happening or finished?

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Teacher gives instruction to ss. -ask to work alone. -answer 5 questions using past perfect. -give 3 minutes. ICQ -ask whether they will be doing the task in groups -when to stop? Start task. -End task after 3 minutes. Ask ss to peer check. -3 minutes. -teacher monitors and collect FB for delayed error correction. -teacher gives answer key.

Free Practice (semi-controlled for accuracy) (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ss will be given portion of sentences - they will have to find their partner in the class who would hold the other end of the sentences which is either a cutout or made up! One group of ss will get cutout of half a sentence containing the simple past tense. The other will make up or use a cutout to make a complete past perfect sentence. 1st group ss will read their cutout. 2nd group ss will read their cutout or write to complete the sentence. 5-6 minutes. Teacher will monitor and provide both hot (and delayed FB on WB) if necessary.

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