MohammadReza MohammadReza

Grammar (Comparatives)
Elementary A2 level


In this lesson, Students learn about comparatives using "adj.+er (+than)" and "more+adj. (+than)". The lesson begins with learners talking in pairs about 5 pairs of pictures on the board. Then, they will be tested on whether they know how to form comparatives, or not (i.e. they will try to make 5 sentences related to the 5 pairs of pics, comparing the 2 pics in each pair). After that, they will choose the correct answers for each pair given to them on an HO. Clarification comes next with the focus on the MPF of comparatives. Finally, they will be tested again whether they have learned how to use the comparatives, i.e. they do a GW and try to use comparatives by making sentences related to their real life. Class finishes with the teacher running WC FB.


Main Aims

  • By the end of this lesson, the students will have learned about how to make comparative adjestives with "adj.+er (+than)" & "more+adj (+than)" and use them in sentences

Subsidiary Aims

  • By the end of the lesson, the Ss will have had oral practice related to their city, family, class, etc. using comparative adjectives


Lead-in (2-4 minutes) • To engage students & to make them feel the need to use comparatives

*5 pairs of pics are projected on the screen. *Each pair of pics is thought to be able to make Ss use some sort of a comparative form to compare the 2 situations. *Teacher puts Ss into groups of three. INSTRUCTIONS: *Eyes on the board, everybody! *Look at these pictures and talk about them in your groups. *You have 3 minutes. *DO YOU SPEAK ENGLISH WITH YOUR PARTENER OR TURKISH? Ss say "ENGLISH".

Test #1 (Diagnostic) (5-7 minutes) • To gauge students' prior knowledge of the target language, i.e. comparatives

*Ss are given an HO (i.e. Test #1). INSTRUCTIONS: *Chesting/Eyes on me, everybody! Look this way! *There are 5 pairs of pics here, and 3 words at the top each pair. *Look at the pictures and write a sentence with these words. *You have 5 min. MONITORING: T monitor closely and very carefully. EARS LIKE RADARS SENSITIVE TO OBJECTS (words or sentences) FLYING PAST! ******* Pick your notebook and pen before you start monitoring!

Teach (Clarifying) (10-15 minutes) • To clarify areas of the target language (Comparative Adjs.) where students had difficulty in the first test stage according to info obtained while monitoring

* Run FB. * Ask 1 person from each group to say one of the Ss they made. * Do not tell them whether their sentences are correct or not. Just listen to what they say! *Draw a map of Turkey and Azerbaijan. Put the 3 words "Turkey-bigger-Azerbaijan" on the board. Ask them to make a sentence with it. TRY TO ELICIT THE SENTENCE! *Ask CCQs. *Focus on the form of the sentence. Subj+verb+adj.+er / Subj.+verb+more+adj. *Drill the sentence (REPETITION/BACK-CHAINING). Solo/Choral (selective)

Test #2 (Controlled) (7-10 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language again and compare with the first test

*Test #1 is given to Ss again. INSTRUCTIONS: *CHESTING/TEST #1 *Write your sentences again. *5 minutes! [Ss follow the same procedure as in Test#1.] *T monitors closely. *T gives them 5 sets of answers./Ss choose the correct answer among the 3 options. *After 5 min, Ss check answers in pairs. T runs FB.

Free practice (4-5 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

*At this stage, Ss work in pairs and use comparatives to make sentences about their family, relatives, country, city, and class. *INSTRUCTIONS: *CHESTING/Make sentences about your families, relatives, country, city, and class. *There is an example for you here. *You have 5 min. *Ss are given an HO. T runs FB (WC).

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