Sophia Yazici Sophia Yazici

Grammar - Past Simple with time expressions
A2 level


In this lesson, Ss learn/review simple past to talk about completed actions in the past. Simple past will be contextualized using a reading briefly and then language from the text will be highlighted and clarified before moving onto further controlled and semi-controlled practice. Finally, ending with practice through a speaking activity.


Main Aims

  • By the end of the lesson, Ss will have a better understanding of simple past and will have had practice using the simple past

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide Ss speaking practice using simple past


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

(Project lead-in slide on WB) In pairs, ask each other these questions. WCFB: where did _________'s grandparents get news? (Ask 2 Ss) (Taking a vote via raised hands) How many people usually read the newspaper? (Raising hand) listen to the news on the radio? read/watch the news on the internet? watch the news on the tv? So most of the class usually gets the news by __________________

Exposure (5-7 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

(Distribute news history HO) Quickly read the text to find the answers. Work alone. PWFB: Check your answers in pairs.

Clarification - Meaning and form (7-9 minutes) • To clarify the meaning and form of the target language

Answer these questions, and fill out the bottom alone. Work in pairs. PWFB: (Distribute the AK) Check you answers

Clarification - Pronunciation (2-4 minutes) • To clarify the pronunciation of the target language

(Write the revised model sentences on the board.) watched /’wɑːtʃt/ used /juːzd/ (voiceless ed ->/t/) (voiced ed -> /d/) *verbs ending in a /d/ or /t/: /ɪd/ started Put your hand on the throat. Repeat after me watch, use. Do you feel the difference? Voiceless=nothing, watch /t/. Voiced=vibrates/feel something used /d/ (Drill the model sentences using finger technique for connected speech.) (Backchaining each sentence. Mark and gesturing the stress.) ● ● ● People watched him on the moon. /’wɑːtʃtɪm/ ● ● ● He used the telegraph to send news. /’juːzdðə/

Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Change the headlines from present tense to past tense. Use time expression as your first word(s) or last word(s). (Write the example on the board. Elicit the answer from the Ss) "Teachers demand more money from the government." Where is the verb? [demand] How do we change it to past tense? [add ed] "Teachers demanded more money from the government." Work alone. PWFB: Check in pairs. WCFB: Ss write the answers on the board (as they finish) Error correction

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

(Chest the HO) Work in pairs to make sentences using the time expressions and verbs. PWFB: Check you answers with a different partner. WCFB: Error Correction

Free Practice (6-8 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

(Put Ss into groups of 3. Count off 1, 2, 3, ... depending on number of Ss) In your groups, each person draw one picture and one verb. Create news headlines about the picture using the verb. (Demo the activity. Elicit 2 more examples from Ss.) WCFB: Error correction

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