Moussa Ahmed Moussa Ahmed

third conditional
intermediate level


in this lesson, students learn about the third conditional through guided discovery based on listening text about a corrosion course of life. the lesson starts with a discussion about the things students feel regret about in their life. this is followed by watching a video where students watch and start notice the target language. Finally, there are some controlled activities on target language and then a free activity via speaking activity.


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of third conditional in the context of regret

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist listening practice using a song
  • To provide gist and specific information listening practice using a text about a corrosion course of life in the context of regret


Lead-in (5-8 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

write the word regret on the board and elicit its meaning. Then, ask students about things they regret in their life. For example, a student might say; i did not study hard. then ask him; and what happen, he will probably say; i did not pass the exams. teacher say; if you had studied hard, you would have passed your exam.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide a model of the target language.

Pre-teach (shoelace and wrap ) Tell the students that they are going to watch a video, but before, give them a list of question where they have to read carefully before watching. then answer it. hand out work sheet 1. monitor and provide help. ask students to check in pairs invite feedback then, divide the class into pairs and ask students to watch again and try to fill in the gaps with the missing word as fast as they can. hand out worksheet 2. monitor and provide help play the video again if needed. invite feedback.

language analysis (5-8 minutes) • to clayify the meaning and the form of the target language

display on the board two pictures ( a sad student and another student with a pass A) tell students that, this student look sad, he did not study hard, so he did not pass the exam. display on the board the sentence : if i had studied hard, i would have passed my exams. ask ccqs : did he studied hard? did he passed the exams? show them another example and do the same. explain that, we are talking about two actions that happened in a particular time in the past. we cannot go back to the past and change it, can we? students answer with no. tell them yes we can, just in our mind, by imagining a different past. and using the third conditional.

Task (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare ss for more meaningful practice.

teacher displays the sentence "If/I/study/hard/pass/my/exam." on the board and ask students to work in pairs to rewrite using the third conditional. allow them some time to think and then invite feedback. "If I had studied hard, I would have passed my exam" then elicit the form by displaying on the board the equation ( if+.......+....... , would +.......) ask them to work in pairs then, invite feedback. (If + past perfect , would + have + past participle) then hand out the students work sheet 3 where they have to write the sentence in the correct order. ( a practice on the form) ask students to work alone then check in pairs. teacher monitor and provide help. finally, invite feedback.

Language Analysis (3-5 minutes) • To clarify the pronunciation of the target language

display on the board the sentences : If I had brought my camera, I would have taken a photo. If I’d brought my camera, I’d have taken a photo ask students what are the differences between the two sentences and elicit the pronunciation. allow them time to think and ask them to check in pairs. then invite feed back. tell the students that, in the if part, I and had are shortened to I’d, I and would became I’d and we drop the h from have so I would have becomes I’d’ve do some drilling on the pronunciation.

controlled practice (3-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare ss for more meaningful practice.

divide the class into different pairs, and show them some situations where the had to write type 3 conditional sentences for these situations. For example: "I didn’t go to the supermarket because I didn’t know we had run out of milk" so "If I had known we had run out of milk, I would have gone to the supermarket" hand out worksheet 4 monitor and provide help invite feedback

simi-controlled (3-5 minutes) • to prepare students for the free activity

tell the students that we gonna play a game called the 3rd conditional chain where a student will say a sentence using the 3rd conditional, so the next students should start with the last part of the sentence. For example : If I had moved to Australia, I would have Seen a lot of wonderful landscapes so the next students should start: If I had Seen a lot of wonderful landscapes, I would have taken a lot of photos. and so on. If a student couldn't say a sentence so he is a loser and will be dismissed and try later till one student wins

Language Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with practice of the target language through writing and speaking.

tell the students to imagine that they are in the opposite sex,i.e. the male is female and female is a male.and ask them to imagine If you had been born a boy/girl, how would your life have been different? allow time think ask them to write their notes share ideas in pairs monitor and provide help encourage students to read out their ideas. take notes for any mistakes

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