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Countable and uncountable
Elementary level


In this lesson, students will learn about countable and uncountable nouns. The lesson will start with a quick discussion about breakfast. Students will read a short text. They will read and listen a conversation. Then they will play a game (board rush). Finally there will be semi-controlled speaking activity.


Abc Audio file 2.12 from Global Elementary, Macmillan Education
Abc Hand Out from Global Upper Intermediate, Macmillan Education pg.74

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of Countable and uncountable nouns in the context of Breakfast&food

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a Conversation in the context of breakfast table


Lead in (1-5 minutes) • To generate interest in the context of

-Teacher writes on WB '................ is the most important meal of the day. - Elicit the word breakfast - Teacher asks students what they ate for breakfast and writes down their answers on WB to introduce 'countable and uncountable nouns'

Reading Task (6-15 minutes) • To contextualize and introduce the target language

-Students read a text about breakfast food. Underline uncountable nouns and circle countable ones. They check their answers in pairs. -Then they read a conversation about breakfast from the HO and circle the correct words. -Recording is played and students check their answers. -Students then read the dialogue together in pairs.

Highlighting target language (16-25 minutes) • to highlight the target language so that learners are focused on it

Desert Island Game: What would you need if you were stranded on a desert island? You will be in groups of five. Decide on what items you will need to survive on the island. You can only bring ten items and at least four of those items must be uncountable nouns. Discuss it and then give me your list. Teacher presents their final lists to the class.

Clarifying target language (26-32 minutes) • To clarify grammar of TL so students understand it

The teacher explains countable and uncountable nouns by using model sentences: I eat an egg every day. I like eggs. I eat cheese every day. I like cheese. A countable noun can be singular (egg) or plural (eggs).Countable nouns are things we can count. So we can say ‘one egg’, ‘two eggs’ etc. Uncountable noun has only one form (cheese). Uncountable nouns are things we cannot count. We cannot say ‘one cheese, ‘two cheese’

Language practice (33-45 minutes) • To provide semi-controlled oral/written practice focused on using the language accurately

Board Race Game: To practice countable uncountable nouns Teacher displays some of countable and uncountable nouns on WB. Students are divided into to teams. Some take countable nouns the others take uncountable nouns. Teacher makes columns for both on either side of the list. One person from each team has to run up to the board and write a word under the correct column then they run back to their teams and hand the marker to the next person in line who runs up to the board and does the same. We will continue until all words are categorized. The that finishes first wins provided that their answer are correct. At the end we correct them together and student make some example sentences to make sure they are able to use them correctly. Speaking practice: Students work in pairs. Each student is given a picture of a different breakfast table. Students describe their tables to their partners. (Teacher demonstrates first with a strong student.)

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