Andrew Andrew

Weekend Lesson, Should & Have to
Pre-Intermediate level


Abc Stage 4 Controlled Practice
Abc Stage 4 Answer Key
Abc Vocabulary Matching HO
Abc Voc Answer Key
Abc Speaking Practice Table
Abc Picture of Lazy Guy

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of should / have to in the context of friends/colleagues gossiping

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice by gossiping in the context of lifestyle


Stage 1 - Lead In (3-5 minutes) • To introduce the setting for the lesson and create interest

What is tomorrow? (Saturday) What are Saturday AND Sunday together? (weekend) -Do you go to cafes with your friends? (yes) -What do you like to talk about? (. . . . . ) -Do you talk about other people in your life? family? friends? neighbors? (yes) Do you talk about things that are annoying, talk about what they are doing.. . . . -Do you think that they need to do something different? -Your brother eats too much. . . . your neighbor is lazy. . . What is this called? (probably won't know, so. . . Gossip!)

Stage 2- Preteach vocab (3-4 minutes) • To ensure that SS know vocabulary that will be used later on

-Have SS quickly match collocations with pictures. -SS in 3 or 4 different groups, Race to finish -Pass out pictures (4 sets) -Pass out collocations (4 sets) Pass out FB If you do not stop at a stop sign, do you obey traffic laws? no Do you wake up early if you wake up at 6 o'clock? yes

Stage 3- Elicit Meaning, Form, and Pronunciation of Should/Have To (15-18 minutes) • To elicit the meaning, form, and pronunciation of the lesson's focus, "have to/ should"

-My friend is not very healthy. He smokes. He eats lots of deserts. He is not very clean. (show a picture) -I want to help him. I want to give him advice. What do I say? What do I think he needs to do? (Class may give examples without a sentence structure: eat vegetables, stop smoking) He should You should -He's also a dangerous driver. He doesn't stop at stop signs. What do I say? (SS may respond with: he should stop at the stop sign) -Is it more important that he stops at stop signs then if he takes a shower? yes -Could he die? yes -So its very important? yes -What happens if the police see him? (jail, money, etc) -So he doesn't have a choice? no He has to obey the traffic signals. What happens when you are a 21 year old man in Turkey? Army/military Should you join the military or do you have to join the military? Do you have a choice? no Do you choose to eat vegetables? yes Is it a good idea? yes Do I have to take off my shoes at your house? yes In America, you don't have to take off your shoes in people's houses. Do you have a choice? yes Can I wear my shoes inside if I want to? yes Advice law/rule/strong advice (external) Should________________________ Have to What should my friend do? What does he have to do? Do I think that it is a good idea? yes Which is more important? Have you all seen the movie Eşkıya? I think its a great movie. You have to see it! Do you have a choice? yes Do I think its a good movie for you to see? yes _______________________________________ FORM You should take a shower. S + should + base verb + DO shouldn't (modal auxiliary verb) You have to join the army when you are 21 years old. S + have/has + infinitive + DO don't have to/ doesn't have (have in 3rd person sing neg) (main verb) ___________________________________ PRONUNCIATION hæf tə, hæs tə doʊnt ˈdʌznt ʃʊd ʃʊd(ə)nt

Stage 4 - Practice (5-8 minutes) • To provide a controlled practice of "should" and "have to"

-Project questions on WB. -Elicit why examples are correct. -Have whole class complete #1 if needed. -SS word in pairs or solo. -SS write answers on board. -Elicit reasons why from SS. -Error correction -pass out answer keys if it seems to be helpful for them to have

Stage 5- Speaking Practice (10-12 minutes) • To practice speaking for accuracy

DEMO -Approach a student. "You and I are doctors." - Here are things we should tell our patient. (show HO) - He has to stop smoking cigarettes. He has to relax. He has to exercise. - He doesn't have to wear a uniform, he should obey traffic laws. . . . -Pass out HO's. You all are doctors. Tell each other what your patient needs. -After a few minutes, inform the class that they are no longer doctors talking about their patients, but friends speaking about friends. (parents about children, teachers about SS) -listen for error correction. Specifically (has/have, doesn't/shouldn't, have to/should in relevant spaces)

Stage 6 Freer Speaking Practice (5-10 minutes) • To provide a freer speaking practice using should/have to. largely for accuracy unless SS are able to speak easily

DEMO -Your friend is having a party tomorrow. What should you do? What do you have to do? Elicit potential sentences: -will he need help preparing? (yes) What should you do? -can I buy alcohol after 22:00? (no) What do I have to do? - will the house be dirty after the party? (yes) -Form small groups. "Here are situations: egs" What should he do? what does he have to do? -Give out prompts (friends are visiting Istanbul for the first time, son is joining the military, family is visiting) -Listen for errors and correct on the spot. Write up common errors on the WB if perceived. -Ask SS what they should do/have to do for a whole class FB.

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