Nisaa Mustafa Nisaa Mustafa

Teaching Practice 5
A1 level

Description

In this lesson, the students learn and practice the use of Past simple questions in the context of holidays. The lesson starts with a listening task to introduce the target language. The target language is highlighted and then clarified for its meaning, form and pronunciation. Finally, for concept check, the students are provided with controlled and semi controlled practice.

Materials

Abc Exercise 2
Abc Exercise 3
Abc Exercise 1c
Abc Exercise 1b

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of Past simple questions in the context of holidays

Subsidiary Aims

  • To practice listening and speaking for accuracy in the context of holidays

Procedure

Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

The lesson starts by asking students 'Do you know where Singapore is?' Some students might know where is it and some might not know. They will be shown a map of far east Asia with Singapore marked on it to tell them of its location. Then the students are shown 4 pictures of shopping centers and malls in Singapore and asked, 'What do you think you can do there?' The aim is to elicit the word 'shopping'.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To introduce Past simple questions through a listening task

The students are shown a picture of a woman. Her name is Masumi and she has recently traveled to Singapore. Then the students read three sentences about her visit to Singapore. After reading the sentences, they listen to a conversation between Masumi and her friend. They are instructed to listen to the conversation attentively. After listening to the conversation, they do Exercise 1.b and choose the best answer for each sentence. They check the answers with their pairs and later from the board. Then the students do Exercise 1.c. They read the conversation which they just listened. They are given a set of words using which they are supposed to complete the blanks. Once they complete the exercise, the recording is played again to check their answers. The answers are also written on the board.

Highlighting (3-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to Past simple questions

The students listen to the questions that Masumi's friend asked her. The questions are also displayed on the board. The students are asked what is the similarity in the structure of these questions. The aim is to elicit the answer that these questions start with 'did'.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of Past simple questions

This stage focuses on teaching the meaning, form and pronunciation of Past simple questions using the three questions from the context. The students are taught that the past simple questions ask about actions finished in the past and are made using 'did.' The regular and irregular verbs both have the same form. The main verb does not change into the past. The students are asked CCQs to make sure that they have understood the concept. They will be asked, 'Do the past simple question start with 'did'?, Do you change the form of the verb?, Does the verb remain in base form? The students also practice pronunciation of the three sentences, They are taught that 'did you' is said quite quickly and the stress is on the main verb.Modelling and drilling is done to practice pronunciation.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

In this stage, the students practice forming past simple questions using 'Did you'. They read a conversation between two people where one is asking the other about her trip to Singapore. The questions have blanks in them so that the students are able to complete the questions on their own. They will do this exercise in pairs and later check the answers from the board. This exercise will help to assess whether the students have understood the target language or not.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and provide more practice of Past simple questions

In this stage, the students will practice their speaking skills by using Past simple questions in the context of holidays. The students will work in pairs, with one being A and another being B. They will practice in asking and answering questions. They will imagine a situation that Student B went on a trip to Singapore and Student A asks questions with 'Did you'. The students will be given prompts to help them form questions. Once done, they will change roles and repeat the activity.

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