Matthew Lai Matthew Lai



In this lesson, students will learn about the present perfect through guided discovery based on various workbook exercises. The lesson begins with a discussion and listening exercise in the context of parent-teenager arguments. This will be followed by guided discovery exercises to refine the concept of the present perfect. Finally, the class will be given some controlled practice through a partner speaking exercise.


Main Aims

  • GRAMMAR: To provide practice of the Present perfect [+ yet, just, already] in the context of Parents and teenagers

Subsidiary Aims

  • LISTENING: To provide gist listening practice using a text about household activities in the context of parents and teenagers
  • SPEAKING: To provide speaking practice regarding household activities in the context of parents and teenagers


Warmer/Lead-in: My father (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

- Show PPT slide of my father. Tell story of (a) coming to USA, (2) studying all day, (3) work cleaning all night, (4) results, phd. - Show second slide, me riding motorcycle with my dad watching. - describe myself as being a little lazy as a teenager, not doing family work. Fantasy dialogue as my father: "MATTHEW HAVE YOU CLEANED YOUR BEDROOM YET?" and characterize myself as a lazy teenager. - ask WC if they have teenagers and elicit responses as to whether or not their children are hard workers (like my father) or lazy (like I was).

Exposure: Parents and Teenagers Argue (5-6 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a situation

- Redistribute class into groups of 5-6 students. EXERCISE A - Distribute HO "Parents vs. Teenagers" - Show PPT slides to coincide with photos 1-4, point out features to photos and ask rhetorical questions. - Tell ss to guess what what they are arguing about, and work in groups to fill in guesses as to what they are arguing about. - nominate random people from each group to share their ideas

Highlighting (4-5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

EXERCISE B Distribute HO "Present Perfect" and have them work individually to complete H.O. - Instruct them to do group feedback to check answers against group. - Play audio and tell ss to listen and check their answers. - Distribute HO with answer key to "Present Perfect"

Clarification (12-13 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

EXERCISE C Un-blank OHP and show slide (Exercise C) to help ss clarify "specific time vs. non specific time" w/r/t present perfect EXERCISE D blank OHP have ss refer back to "Present Perfect" HO and ask them to underline sentences with "just, yet and already." - Elicit what [just, yet, already] mean (just = a very short time ago, yet=until now, and already = earlier than expected). EXERCISE E Analyze present perfect using examples and form clarification from Language Analysis, inserting the just elicited [just, yet, already] into forms. EXERCISE 4B (pg 133) Distribute Handout: "PP Grammar Practice" and have class complete sentences. Pair up to check each others answers. Distribute KEY

Controlled Practice (11-12 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

EXERCISE F - Distribute "listening and Speaking" HO (ex. F) and tell them to change the sentences. - We will listen to these sentences and stop halfway to say them. then play the right response. -distribute HO with key. -Pass CUTUP exercise 4A and have groups match numbers to letters. When a team feels they have the right answer, have groups look at each other groups' answers. Distribute key and have the groups fix. Distribute foldable HO and divide room into pairs. Instructions: Person A asks the numbered questions, person B searches for the correct answer and replies.

Semi-Controlled Practice: The Party Nag (9-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

The party Q&A PW exercise. DIvide ss into pairs, A + B Distribute separate color-specific HO to both A + B Explain ruies of exercise. A looks at B's list and forms the present perfect question "Have you.... and B replies, depending on the check mark, in either affirmative or positive. Teacher monitors, takes note of errors and performs some delayed error correction on WB.

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