nesma ahmed nesma ahmed

Intermediate level


This lesson, students will practice using the present perfect and the present perfect continuous. They will learn how they are formed. When we use them and what is the difference between present perfect and the present perfect continuous. Students will be given many activities about both verbs. These activities include, scanning the previous reading text. Students will work on the text that they studied on in the previous class.


Abc t handout text
Abc pictures
Abc crossword handout
Abc cards
Abc • New inside out by Macmillan

Main Aims

  • • To provide clarification, review and practice of present perfect continuous and present perfect simple in the context of relationships

Subsidiary Aims

  • writing questions using present perfect or continuous
  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a speaking practice in a conversation in the context of peer questionnaire in the context of about them(Ss) or anyone of in their family


Warmer/Lead-in (1-3 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

prepare some questions about lesson's context .put it on a Cardboard using sticky notes and each s will pick a Q and in pairs s read his Q then discuss it and the other pair do the same to revise the topic of previous lesson relationships .Then They've got a game crossword to help them put the verbs into the third form this will be in a group

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

talk about what i did before they come and still doing it like: I've drunk a cup of tea and hold a another but a half cup and tell: I've been drinking tea for 10 minutes then ask them what they've done before coming in pairs

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

From the previous lesson : make ss read Ruth's text and underline answers specific answers which present both tenses then show them some pictures and ask them to choose from them * Draw a box on the board withe two titles : finished or still happening * Divide the students and distribute pictures and they decide where they stick the pic.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

after finishing pic activity i'll write my Language Models from the lesson then ask them CCQS 1- In which sentence the action is over, in which sentence the action is still in progress (continuing)? 2- In which sentence there is a time frame? 3- Do they refer to the past or the present? How? 4- Can you name the tenses in each sentences? T will clarify/review state and action verbs.T will make two columns on the board and ask them about a few verbs and decide whether it's an action or state verb. T will ask them to do the 1st exercise, matching the description and name of the verb form with the given sentences. Once they have answer for all three questions t will ask the students what the differences are between those sentences. T will allow them to think about and write down their answers to make sure that they understand the meaning of the TL Then T will spend some time on form, emphasizing how present perfect simple is used in the negative and question form Drill chorally and individually. Use contracted fingers and highlight the contraction in : a) We've been together for a year now. b) We've been trying to live a normal life. c) We've decided to move away from our home town

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

from the pics t divide them into two groups, ask ss to write two sentences for each pic and in group of three read and then check the two groups use sentences in ex 2 to give negative sentences then in ex 2 and three they answer them and check in pairs t give them answers to check for them

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

final ex 3 they form questions individually then check answers in pairs and ask them to answer according to their own experiences

Free Practice speaking activity (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

provide SS with some cards ask them to have a look at both sides then ask them to fold the card and work in pairs one s in a pair will form question to present certain result like : why/be/angry become why are you angry the other s will flip over the rest of the card and read then come up with the sentence because I've been waiting for you since 6 o'clock . through these cards ss will decide which tense the activity needs to be put into. so this activity wil help them comparing between these two tenses. and that negative form is not used in present perfect continuous or some other cases.

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