Nilüfer Nilüfer

Can Can't Possibility Modal
A2 level


In this lesson students will be introduced to the possibility modal of can and can't. Apart from the grammar usage, they will also exercise their receptive skills by listening and ptoductive skills by writing.


Abc WB
Abc • Gap fill handouts ( Cutting Edge Elementary Work Book Page 28)
Abc • Short Story handouts

Main Aims

  • • To teach students grammar related to probability modal can and can’t

Subsidiary Aims

  • • Promote students to use their receptive and productive skills, by watching pictures and listening to music and guessing who and what it can be. Students will also improve their productive skill of writing by various exercises


Lead-In (5-8 minutes) • To set the lesson context and engage students.

Teacher places some pictures on the white board from a power-point prepared, and ask students if they can guess what and were and who can it be in the pictures? She gets the feed-back, and then plays some songs and asks students to guess who can it be? She gets the feed-back, and introduces todays subject of probability modal.

Language Analysis-Pronunciation (8-10 minutes) • To introduce students with the possibility modal of can and can’t

Teacher explains Can / strong /kæn/ Can / weak /kən/ Expressing possibility Can’t /kɑːnt/ Expressing something impossible Subject + can + infinitive (base form) Subject + can’t + infinitive Same is used for all subjects (I, you, he,they etc.) Question form Subject and can change places Can + Subject + infinitive ? She gives examples and asks students to give further examples. She then drills for pronunciation of weak and strong forms of can, and also intonation of can and can’t in question form. She finishes the stage by giving examples of other usage of can i.e Ability – request - offer

Exercise Activity (8-10 minutes) • To enable students to use the modal they have just learned by fill in the gap H/O

Teacher gives handouts and grouping the students asks them to discuss within their groups the find out the answers to exercises 1 and 2. She gets the feed-back from each group and corrects if here are errors.

Exercise Activity (2-4 minutes) • To provide students with further productive skills of writing

Teacher gives the H/O where students have to fill in the blanks individually

Speaking Activity (10-12 minutes) • To enable students to have control of the vocabulary/grammar learned and discuss with partner for speaking fluency.

Teacher groups the class in 3-4 persons. She gives everyone the short story and asks students to guess what the ending of the story can be? While they are discussing the teacher writes CAN BE / CAN’T BE on the WB. When they finish their discussions one person from each group writes their ending to the WB Then we choose the most creative ending.

Extra activity for speaking (5-8 minutes)

If there is too much time left, I will play the star game with the class

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