Mahyar Douraghi Mahyar Douraghi

Reading and Grammar
Pre-intermediate level

Description

This lesson sets a general context for both lessons through reading and language focus. The Ss will learn new grammar (Past continuous) through reading, controlled and semi-controlled practice. They will also improve their reading and speaking skills by doing group and pair works

Materials

Abc Reading questions and the actual reading
Abc 2B past Continuous
Abc Activity a page 129
Abc Realia
Abc Board
Abc Grammar Section (Past Continuous)
Abc Picture of A moment in history

Main Aims

  • To provide Ss with clarification, review and practice of past continuous in contrast with simple past in the context of stories behind photos

Subsidiary Aims

  • Reading & Speaking & pronunciation

Procedure

Stage 1 (Warmer/Lead-in) (3-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

-Greet and welcome Ss to the class -Display the picture of President Obama and ask questions. e.g. Who is he? what is his job? (eliciting words like president, former president) -Display the picture of old lady voting and ask Ss: What is she doing? because...? (eliciting and teaching words like vote and election) -If the Ss are not familiar with the words president, election and vote, write them down on the board for more clarification -Display the picture of "A moment in history" from SB page 14 -Ask WC what they think is happening in this picture "A moment in history" from SB page 14

Stage 2 (Exposure) (12-14 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

-Give WC the HO of the activity and reading from SB page 14 "A moment in history" -Instruct the Ss to skim the reading individually "A moment in history" from SB page 14 to find out if they were right with the activity a from the same page -Ask the Ss "were you right?" (doing activity b from SB page 14) -Instruct the Ss to read "A moment in history" more carefully in order to answer the questions 1-7 from the activity c page 14 -After reading "A moment in history" page 14, instruct the Ss to compare their answer in pairs (PW) -Ask some of the Ss the answers to the questions 1-7 from SB page 14 -Ask them again to discuss the activity d from the SB page 14 in pairs -Monitor them to make sure they are doing it right and they all speaking in English

Stage 3 (Highlighting) (1-3 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

-Display the activity a from the Grammar section page 14 and ask the WC first to read it and then ask them to answer the activity.

Stage 4 (Clarification) (2-4 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

-Write the sentence "I was watching Obama's victory" on the board and ask the Ss to identify subject, verb + ing (use color coding) -Draw a timeline on the board to highlight the grammar Past Continuous -Ask the Ss to make the sentence "I was watching Obama's victory" negative and then write it on the board using color coding -Ask the Ss to make WH question sentence and question sentence with "I was watching Obama's victory"

Stage 6 (Controlled Practice) (5-8 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

-Give them the activity a section 2B from the SB page 129 -Ask the Ss to complete the above activity individually -pair them again and ask them to compare their answer to the above activity -Display the above activity on OHP -Ask Ss to come and write their answer on the board -Give the Ss HO from the section 2B SB page 128 (For their further study)

Stage 7 (Semi-Controlled Practice) (5-7 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

-Ask the Ss to listen to an audio 1.41 page 14 SB -Ask them to work in pairs and write a sentence using past continuous about each sound that they hear. Pause after each sound to make sure that they writing it down -If one has problem with one vocabulary related to the sounds, I will pause ask other Ss and then I can elicit it by miming or realia -After the listening it once, I will ask WC if they want to listen to it again, if yes then play it again -Ask pairs their answers to the above activity

Stage 8 (Free Practice) (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

-Ask the Ss to stand up, go around and talk to each other about anything that they want or they can also use the picture from A moment in history from the SB page 14 with their classmate using past continuous -The Ss need to change partner after each conversation that they made -Give them 8-10 minutes to complete this free activity -Monitor them to make sure they only talk in English and they doing the activity correctly

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