Teaching Practice 1
Upper Intermediate level
To introduce students to the functional language of saying no
To practice speaking for fluency
Procedure (41-52 minutes)
Lead in from the last lesson and ask the students if they think paint balling sounds like fun. Then ask, Have any of you been invited by a friend to play paintball and you didn't want to go? How would to refuse him/her politely? - If paint balling doesn't generate much response then change the question. For example, Have any of you been invited by a friend to join for movie/dinner/coffee/any sport activity and you didn't want to go? How would you refuse him/her politely? - Write the responses of the students on the white board
- Tell students that they will learn polite ways of saying no - Give instructions about Exercise 1 and explain how to do it - Distribute the handouts and instruct them to work in pairs to choose the best answer. - Monitor and guide wherever needed - Once they are done with Exercise 1, play audio recording for them to check their answers. - If any student has a query regarding the exercise, try to solve it.
Teach the students that the ways of saying no are classified under four general headings. Discuss the four general headings with them and tell them that they will be sorting the answers from Exercise 1 under these headings. - Teach them that the most polite way of saying no to an offer or invitation in English is to include both an apology and a reason why you are saying no. Example: In question 1, (Are you coming tonight?) the answer 'not really' is inappropriate because B's response needs to be either a clear yes or no - you can't 'half come'. 'You must be joking' is also possible, but very rude. The politest answer is 'I'm afraid not. I'd love to but I can't. It's my turn to babysit.' (this answer gives an apology and a good reason) - This will help them to understand why some answers to Exercise 1 are right or wrong. - Distribute the handout with the four general headings of classifying ways of saying no. - Instruct them to match the answers from Exercise 1 to the appropriate heading - Monitor and guide where needed - Instruct them to match the expressions from Exercise 2 to the correct answers in Exercise 1. - Discuss the answers
- To build up on the students' learning, give them an exercise for practice. - Distribute the handout and instruct them to individually do the exercise. - They may refer the previous exercises for help. - Monitor and guide where needed - Discuss the answers
The students will get extra speaking practice in saying no through three instant mini-role plays. They will sit in pairs for this activity and speak in character rather than as themselves. - Call out the roles and show a picture depicting that situation to help understand better. - After looking at the picture, the students immediately start a short conversation with their partner. - The person answering questions must always respond in the negative. - Give couple of minutes for each situation. Situation 1 Student B: You are a hotel guest who wants to ask student A, the hotel receptionist, for some help with some serious problems in your room. Situation 2 Student A: You are a police officer who has stopped Student B in the street because you think they are a bank robber. Situation 3 Student B: You are a newspaper reporter who wants to interview Student A, a famous football player.
End the lesson with a feedback on the use of functional language of saying no. Review that the most polite way of saying no to an offer or invitation is to include both an apology and a reason for saying no.