Ahmed Adel Ahmed Adel

TP7
Intermediate level

Description

In this lesson, students will practise expressing obligation and permission in the present.

Materials

Abc White Board
Abc A cigarette & a lighter
Abc Signs

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of obligation and permission in the present in the context of rules and freedom

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a obligation and permission in the present in the context of rules and freedom

Procedure

Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Start by trying to light a cigarette and let a colleague stop me. Ask her/him: Why not? S/He should say: It's a rule. Say: "Rules are made to be broken." Ask SS to discuss in groups that saying. Allow them 2 minutes. Let them say their opinions and conduct a feedback on content.

Exposure (8-9 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through some places and signs

Divide SS into pairs using the ropes. Show SS the names of different places and let them discuss the rules each place can have. Allow 3 minutes. Each pair should talk about 3 different places. Places: airports - bars and pubs - beaches - hospitals - libraries - roads - museums - nightclubs - parks - planes - public swimming pools - train stations Instructions: You have some places here. Choose three places and discuss in pairs the rules you would expect to find in the places. ICQs: How many places will you choose? 3 How many rules in each place? 2 Now, show SS the different signs and ask them to match the signs to the places in groups (2 mins). SS check in groups their matching. Signs: visa here - no dogs - no phones - wet paint - smoking area - staff only - passport inspection - no swimming - no diving - dress regulations - no parking - cyclists and pedestrians only Let SS discuss in groups what each sign means (2 mins). Conduct an open-class feedback (1 minute).

Highlighting (3-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Give SS HO 1. Ask them to work individually to match the sentences to the signs (1 min). SS check in pairs. Give oral answer key. Ask SS to cross out the wrong sentence(s) individually (2 mins). ICQs: Will you cross the right or wrong ones? Wrong How many sentences in each letter? One or two SS check in pairs. Give them Answer Key 1.

Clarification (10-12 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Give SS HO 2. Ask them to work in pairs to put the underlined verbs from HO 1 in the correct category (2 mins). SS check in pairs. Give them Answer Key 2. Clarify meaning: 1- You can use your credit card here. We use this structure to say that something is allowed. CCQs: 1- Is it necessary to use my credit card? No 2- Is it a rule? No 3- Am I allowed to use my credit card? Yes 2- You are allowed to use your credit card here. We use this structure to say that something is allowed. CCQs: 1- Is it necessary to use my credit card? No 2- Is it a rule? No 3- Do I have the permission to use it? Yes 3- You mustn’t smoke here. We use this structure to say that something is prohibited. CCQs: 1- Is it a rule? Yes 2- Am I allowed to smoke? No 3- Will I be punished if I smoke? Yes 4- You can’t smoke here. We use this structure to say that something is not allowed. 1- Is it a rule? Yes 2- Am I allowed to smoke? No 3- Will I be punished if I smoke? Yes 5- You don’t have to get sandwiches. We use this structure to say that something is not necessary. CCQs: 1- Is it necessary for me to get sandwiches? No 2- Will I be punished if I get sandwiches? No 3- Is it optional for me or a must? Optional 6- We must be at the airport by seven. We use this structure to talk about something that is necessary or important (personal obligation). CCQs: 1- Is it necessary for us? Yes 2- Is it a personal obligation or a general rule? Personal obligation 7- All young men in this country have to do military service. We use this structure to say that the obligation comes from another person, not the speaker (usually a rule). CCQs: 1- Is it necessary that young men do military service? Yes 2- Do they want to do military service or are they forced? Forced 3- Is it a personal obligation or a general rule? General rule 8- You should try this ice cream. We use this structure to say something is a good idea or to give advice. CCQs: 1- Is it necessary for me to try the ice cream? No 2- Will I be punished if I don’t try it? No 3- Is it a good idea to try it? Yes 9- You ought to be more careful. We use this structure to say something is a good idea or to give advice. CCQs: 1- Is it an obligation for me to be careful? No 2- Is it good to be more careful? Yes 2- Is it a strong advice? Yes Clarify form: 1- can + inf. You can use your credit card here. 2- be allowed to + inf. You are allowed to use your credit card here 3- mustn’t + infinitive You mustn’t smoke here. 4- can’t + inf. You can’t smoke here 5- don’t have to + inf. You don’t have to get sandwiches. 6- must + inf. We must be at the airport by seven. 7- have to + inf. All young men in this country have to do military service. 8- should + inf. You should try this ice cream. 9- ought to + inf. You ought to be more careful. Clarify pronunciation: have to ==> /ˈhæf tə/ must ==> /məst/ should ==> /ʃəd/ Give SS HO 3 as a record of the form.

Controlled Practice (4-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Give SS HO 4. Ask them to find the signs that the sentences refer to, then write the positive of negative forms of the verbs to complete the gaps. SS work in groups (3 mins). SS check in pairs. Then check the Answer Key 3 handout.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Divide SS into two groups. Each student should choose three of the "different places" mentioned at the beginning of the lesson and make a list of the most important rules for each place (3 mins). ICQs: How many places will you choose? 3 How many rules for each place? 2 Each student reads the rules of the place to the members of his group without telling them the place. They should try to guess (5 mins). ICQs: Will you say the name of the place? No The winning group is the group that can have the best guesses. Conduct an open-class feedback on language on the board.

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