Aya Eid Aya Eid

Intermediate level


In this lesson, SS learn about the reported speech through guided discovery based on a reading text about a story. The lesson starts with a discussion about…. This is followed by gist and detailed reading where SS read and relate to the context and TL. Finally there is some controlled practice through sentence reformulation and free practice.


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of Reported Speech in the context of stories.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist and detailed in the context of stories.


Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T writes "Stories" on the board and asks SS to think of tragic stories in which people lose their loved ones. T allows two minutes for this discussion.

Exposure (Reading task) (5-7 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Instruct the SS (individually) to read the text quickly. Limit the time to a minute. Hand out the story and ask SS to decide what the text is about. SS check in pairs. Then ask them to read it again carefully in order to answer the follow-up questions. SS answer the questions in pairs. Give feedback.

Highlighting (4-6 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Direct SS to the discovery task. Ask SS to identify the verbs in the two sentences and discuss the difference. SS check in pairs before feedback. Ask SS to re-write the sentences (from direct to reported) as seen in the above example.

Clarification (12-15 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Refer the SS to the table. Go through the first form as an example. Then ask them to complete the forms. Monitor. SS check in pairs before feedback. Provide feedback on the board.

Controlled Practice (4-6 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Raise SS' curiosity by telling them that they are about to know the rest of the story. Divide SS into 3 groups. Allow 3 minutes for SS to decide which statement belongs to Harry and Micheal. ( handout 2) SS check in pairs. Then in open pairs, SS put the statements into reported speech. For example: Micheal said he couldn't believe he'd finally found Harry.

Free Practice (4-6 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ask SS to recall a story that was either too tragic or too happy. Demo the first lines. For example: (...then the hero told the villain: there's always an end to injustice!) Then SS stand up and tell that story to two of their classmates using reported speech. Monitor and take notes of TL mistakes. Then provide delayed error correction on the board and elicit correct forms from SS.

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