Wish & if only
By the end of the lesson the students will have a better understanding of using wish/if only for expressing past regrets
By the end of the lesson the students will have had written practices using wish/if only, and be better able to express their regrets about past experiences.
Procedure (42-51 minutes)
T shows Ss a photo of an old man with a sad face, looking at an album. CCQ; 'What's he doing?','Can you guess what he's thinking of?'Is he lonely?','Is he sad?Why?' T focuses on his relationship with his wife next. CCQ; 'Do you think they were happy?','Was their relationship perfect?'. T shows Ss the speech bubble and elicits 'past actions/facts'.'Would he like to change these facts?', 'Is he able to change them?'and try to elicit 'regret'.
T instructs Ss to read the text and answer two questions. They have 2 minutes to read and do the task. ICQ 'Do you have to understand each word?'T gives Ss a text about an old man expressing his regrets. FB WC by having some Ss answer the questions and CCQ referring to the second question; 'Did he do these things?','Does he feel regret?'
T gives Ss exercise 1, in which they have to complete the sentences about the old man's regrets. T has Ss who finish earlier to come to WB and write the answer. Write the model sentences taken from the exercise.
T elicits the facts (i.e:'I wasn't adventurous') by using model sentences and write the facts next to the sentences. CCQ about wish and if only; 'Do I regret it now?' Show the feeling of regret is more in 'if only'. Move on to form; highlight the facts and the tenses. Use fingers to show the linking and drill.
Instruct Ss to rewrite the facts using the correct form. Give HO.Monitor Ss to observe errors. Ss check in pairs. FB from WC; they read their answers.
T shows Ss three photos. Instruction; Ss have to think about what the photo is about and use wish/if only to fill the speech bubbles (write 3 sentences). T monitors Ss to observe errors. When they finish, ask them to share their sentences with one another and choose the most interesting one. Write some of their responses on the board and correct errors.
T explains the context; the Ss are going to write a letter to their younger selves about past regrets.ICQ; 'Which form will you use?', 'Do you have to start each sentence with I wish/if only?'Monitor and note down errors. If there is time left, ask for some students to read their sentences in class.
Write some mistakes the Ss made during the last activity on WB. Ask if there is something wrong with them and what is wrong. Correct the sentences.