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Definite/Indefinite Articles
Upper-Intermediate level


In this lesson, Ss will discuss their opinions about the usage of definite and indefinite articles through an appropriate context chosen. The lesson starts with a discussion about a specific question related to the text they will be given as a reading context material. Ss are expected to choose the best title among the options were given to them. They will follow this up with a general knowledge quiz and a listening for specific purpose. The lesson is designed for Ss to review their knowledge about the definite and indefinite articles use.


Main Aims

  • To provide general information about definite and indefinite articles to review Ss' knowledge through an appropriate context of grammar.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide a listening task for specific information in the context of articles.


Warmer-Lead in (4-5 minutes) • To get Ss attention through a discussion and ask them to share their opinions about the question

Ss will be asked their opinions about chewing gum whether it helps people in any way and why some people object to people chewing gum. Engage Ss by asking them to look at the pictures of a girl blowing a bubble and another girl chewing a gum. Elicit "chewing gum" and "blowing a bubble". A picture of first-aid will be shown for Ss to comprehend the meaning of the word "aid". T-S task feedback (elicit a few ideas)

Presentation (5-6 minutes) • To prepare Ss for the grammar topic related to context and make it accessible

Ask Ss to read the titles and check that they understand "concentrate" and "aid". Give them 2 minutes to read the text quickly and let them decide which title is the best for the text. Put them in pairs to compare answers before checking as a class. If necessary, elicit the unknown words. Elicit some guesses about the best title.

Grammar (9-10 minutes) • To provide Ss with less challenging grammar activity to elicit some ideas

Check Ss' background knowledge about definite and indefinite articles. Make sure they understand that "a" and "an" are indefinite articles and "the" is a definite article. Put them into pairs to complete the activity on pg.66 ex.2B. Check answers as a class but try not to give any explanations at this stage. Anticipated CCQs: Do we know which study are we talking about? (No) Has the study mentioned before? (Yes) Is there any other author in the text? (No) Elicit answers from Ss.

Language Focus (10-12 minutes) • To work on the grammar

Explain that there are many rules of using definite and indefinite articles in English. Put Ss into pairs to read through the information, find the examples in the text (Exercise 1) and think of more examples for Exercise 2. Check answers as a class and go through the language notes by using a slide to enhance Ss.

Controlled Practice (10-12 minutes) • To provide with an opportunity to respond to the grammar and expand on what they've learnt.

If necessary, pre-teach the word "siesta". Design WB with a General Knowledge Quiz print-out. Give Ss 2 minutes to check the questions and get them to work individually to complete the gaps and then to compare their answers with a partner. Check answers with the class, then have Ss discuss the answers to the quiz. Play the recording Track 6.2 and ask Ss how many questions they got right. (no whole-class feedback, Ss will check in pairs.) Delayed error correction, as necessary.

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