Fatih Tosun Fatih Tosun

Grammar (perfect tenses) Lesson
Upper Intermediate level


In this lesson, the Ss will learn about perfect tenses in the past, present and future in the context of unusual achievements. They will also learn about time words in perfect tenses in the past, present and future. The lesson will begin with a discussion on the achievements of people using images. This will be followed by a listening and sentence completing exercise. The form will be elicited and checked by the T, followed by a controlled practice and freer practice session. To conclude the lesson, the Ss will discuss their personal sentences and choose the most interesting one.


Abc Grammar handout 2
Abc Picture of a man watching movies
Abc Picture of a woman driving
Abc Picture of woman teaching
Abc Grammar handout

Main Aims

  • Perfect tenses in the past, present and future.

Subsidiary Aims

  • Time words in perfect tenses in the past, present and future.


Warm up (4-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

The T will engage Ss by telling them to look at the pictures on the board and asking what the Ss think each person is doing and what they think their achievements are. T will then explain the listening activity and allow Ss some time to read the prompts. T will play the recording and pause after each section for Ss to take notes. FB will be to get the Ss to check their answers in pairs.

Lead-in (5-7 minutes) • Practice listening, introduce target language and to highlight target language

T will put Ss into pairs and tell them to complete the modal sentences and find the correct Perfect tenses for each. FB will be checking the answers as a whole class.

Presentation (7-8 minutes) • Clarify form so Ss know how to construct it

T will go through the analysis box with the Ss, while eliciting answers from them. For any misunderstandings, T should refer the Ss to the timeline and write example sentences on the board.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To Provide controlled written practice focused on using the language accurately

T will proceed to draw the Ss attention to the pictures in the handout (p.55), asking Ss what they think the people are doing and what their achievements are. Ss will then be paired and given time to do the exercise. FB will be T handing out answer sheets for the Ss to check.

Freer Practice (8-10 minutes) • To Provide freer written practice and using the language productively.

Students will be asked to complete the sentences individually, with the T monitoring and helping with the vocab if needed.

Wrap up (4-5 minutes) • To conclude lesson and Clarify understanding

Ss will be put into pairs to read their sentences to each other. T should encourage Ss to ask each other more information about their sentences and choose the most interesting one to read to the class.

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