Abdurrahmaan Abdurrahmaan


Abc Gap-fill HO
Abc White board
Abc modal verbs HO

Main Aims

  • To provide practice in modal verbs by attempting a lot of exercises.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To teach students how they would use the modal verbs.


Warmer/Lead in (8-10 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Good morning everyone! How are you today? Address the class that their going to learn about grammar for today. And were going to learn about modal verbs. Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs for things that we must do, can do and can't do. Give me four modal verbs. Write the first letter of each. Write must, need to, have to and can on the WB and elicit the negative form of each one from the students. ask students to give you examples of all of the modal verbs. Then use a timeline to clarify what comes from first to last. Which is must/have to then need to, can, don't have to, then mustn't/can't.

Highlighting the TL (10-15 minutes) • To gauge students prior knowledge of the target language.

I hand out an activity to the class with eight different questions about the modal verbs. I'll let them work individually first, then in groups and then as a whole class. 1. You MUSTN'T smoke in class. 2. You DON'T HAVE TO wear a tie to work. 3.You CAN drink raki at a bar. 4.You MUSTN'T drink raki at the mosque 5.I MUST attend class everyday. 6.You CAN'T drive your car at 200 KM ph. 7.I MUST stop at the red light. 8. Children MUST do their homework. Get the students attention, and then check the answers with the whole class. Use CCQs to check their understanding. 1. Will you get in trouble if you smoke in class? yes Am I allowed to smoke in class? no 2. Do I have to wear a tie to work? no Will I loose my job If I don't wear a tie to work? no 3. Is it my choice if I want to drink raki at a bar? yes 4. Will I get in trouble if I drink raki at a mosque? yes 5. Is it important to come to class everyday? yes Do I have to come to class? yes 6. is it bad to drive very fast? yes Could I kill myself if I drive very fast? yes 7. Do I have to stop? yes If I don't stop at the red light will I hurt myself? yes 8. Will children get in trouble if they don't do their homework? yes

Controlled Practice (10-15 minutes) • To provide students with practice of the target language

Students do exercise 1 from the global course book individually, where they have to match the words in black to the meanings a-d. Say the difference between necessary and permitted. necessary is something that should be done. Permitted is to give permission to, to allow. Let the class think about what it means then give the answer. 3. Does the robot have to listen to the human? yes 4. Is a robot allowed to kill people? no 5. Does a robot have to work all the time? no 6. Does a robot have to take orders from another robot? no 7. Can robots kill people? no 8. Can people have two robots? yes but they don't have to get the students to work in groups and then as a whole class to check the answers.

Free practice (5-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Give students HOs and give them the instructions. They have to complete the sentences with the correct modal verbs. 1. You mustn't/don't have to steal. Will I get in trouble if I steal? yes 2. You can/must try the car before you buy it. I must drive the car before I buy it? no you can but you don't have to. 3. You must/mustn't obey the law. Do I have to listen to the law? yes 4.You can/have to wear black shoes to work. Do I have to wear black shoes to work? no its up to me. 5. I must/don't have to eat to live. If I don't eat will I die? yes Check the answers in pairs then as a whole class.

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