Nourhan Muhamed Nourhan Muhamed

TP8 Useful Phrases
Elementary level


In this lesson, the students learn about making excuses and how to use them in a conversation.


Abc Teacher made-Handout
Abc Inside Out

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of language used for making excuses in the context of talent people.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide product writing practice of a making excuses in the context of talent people.
  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a making excuses in the context of talent people.
  • To provide specific information listening practice using a text about making excuses in the context of talent people.


Warmer/Lead-in (0-3 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Give the students some papers written with a conversation between two friends A and B. One of them asks about doing anything interesting, but the other makes an excuse for not doing this exercise with him. Let them make this conversation together, then, ask them what they notice. They will notice that this conversation about suggestions and making excuses.

Exposure (5-7 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Ask the students to focus on the pictures in EX.1 and explain that these pics show the top six excuses that people give for not doing any exercises. Ask the students to match this list of excuses to the pictures. Let then work in pairs, then play the record to check their answers.

Highlighting (2-3 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Now, ask the students to focus on EX.2. Let them read the conversation between Dan and Lisa carefully, then ask them to underline the excuses that Lisa uses, suggestions and advice. Let them work in pairs and give them feedback.

Clarification (5-7 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Elicit from the students sentences of suggestions, advice and excuses. Point out that ''what about ...?'' is used for suggestion, ''you should ...... '' is used for advice as Dan used in the conversation. Write two sentence on the board: '' I can't swim." '' I can't go swimming, I have a cold'', then, ask them what the difference between them. Use the CCQs which are mentioned in the language analysis.

Controlled Practice (3-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ask the students to listen and repeat the useful phrases in EX.3. According to EX.2, ask the students to practice the conversation in pairs. Monitor them to look for mistakes.

Free Practice (3-5 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Finally, ask them to write a conversation, in pairs, like EX.2, but ask them to use their favorite excuses for not doing exercises. Let them practice the conversation together.

Web site designed by: Nikue