Aya Badr Aya Badr

Intermediate level


in this lesson students learn to use modals of deduction to guess information about some situations situation


Abc white board
Abc teacher made handouts
Abc Inside out
Abc Handouts of w-b
Abc Audio

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, practice and review of modals of deduction in the context of travelling

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide detailed reading practice using a text about making deductions in the context of travelling


Warmer/Lead-in (1-3 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

ask the students "have you ever traveled?" "where" "when" "for what reason" and start having conversation with them about traveling

Exposure (3-6 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

provide the students with a written conversation to read in order to answer some questions after answering the questions they work in pairs to check their answers and then provide feedback

Clarification (4-7 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

write down the 3 sentences -that the students solved in the previous exercise- on the board and start asking them CCQs to check their understanding "is the speaker 100% sure that this is Singapore?" "is s/he 100% that this is Vietnam?" "is s/he 100% sure that it's India?" and then start clarifying the form by eliciting it from them and finally clarify pronunciation using drilling to highlight stressed words in each sentence

Controlled Practice (2-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

provide the students with a matching exercise after solving it i ask them to work in pairs to check their answers and then provide feedback

Semi-Controlled Practice (4-6 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

show the students a printed picture that i wrote 3 deductions about divide them into pairs and ask each team to pick a picture or two and write 3 comments on each picture

Free Practice (5-7 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

ask the students to think about situation where they made similar deductions (observations) work in pairs and tell their partners about these situations and the observations that they made and then provide feedback by asking them to report their ideas back to me

if time activity
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