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Modals of Deduction (must, can't, may, might, could
Intermediate level

Description

In this lesson, students learn about the modals of deduction through guided discovery based on a listening text about travel. The lesson starts with a warmer about the pictures taken in different countries. This is followed by a listening activity where sts number the photos in the order they are mentioned in the recording. Finally there is some controlled practice through a gap-fill activity and free practice via a writing and speaking activity.

Materials

Abc Gap-fill handout
Abc Google images
Abc Google images
Abc Google images
Abc Gap-fill handout
Abc Listening track
Abc Cut-ups
Abc New Inside Out Intermediate

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of modals of deduction "must", "can't", "may", "might" and "could" in the context of travel

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide specific information in the context of travel

Procedure

Lead-in (4-5 minutes) • To activate schemata and prepare the ss for the listening

Introduce myself. Ask Ss to have a look at the pictures taken in different places. Pair them off and tell them to guess where those pictures were taken and explain their reasons. Do not confirm or deny anything at this stage.

While-Listening #1 (3-4 minutes) • to have ss listen for specific information and prepare for the next activity

Tell the ss that they are going to listen to a conversation between Amy and Joe discussing the photos on Conrad's web page. Ask them to check their ideas about the photos in the previous activity and compare their answers with their partners. Find out if anyone got any of the places correct, and then give the AK.

While-Listening #2 (4-5 minutes) • to provide sts with a more challenging task to listen for specific information

Ask the ss to listen to the recording again and number the photos in the order they mention, then check with their partners. Demonstrate the activity and ask CCQs if needed. Play the recording again and break it down if needed.

Post- Listening (8-9 minutes) • to provide with an opportunity to respond to the text and expand on what they've learned

For a post listening activity, the ss are regrouped and asked to match the cut-ups with the pictures on Conrad's web page. Tell them that they are going to use all the words in the cut-up cards. Do the first one for them as a demo. Ask ICQs if needed! "How many photos do you see?" 4. "How many words do you have?" 8. "Are you going to use all the words or just four of them to match with the photos?" All the words. Then, they are going to come to the board and match the words with the photos. If there is a wrong answer, ask the WC to correct it. Drill the words such as "ancient ruins" and "built-up skyline" In pairs, the ss will discuss if they see any of those in their countries. They will share interesting answers with the class.

Presentation of the Grammar (3-4 minutes) • to have sts discover the degrees of certainty with "must", "can't", "may", "might", "could"

Remind the sts that they heard two people in the last section discussing where photos might have been taken. Ask them if the speakers were sure 100% about where the photos were taken. They discuss in pairs and tell their reasons.

Practice of the Grammar #1 (5-6 minutes) • to have sts discover the degrees of certainty with "must", "can't", "may", "might", "could"

The ss are going to look at three sentences taken from the listening script. They are going to look at the explanations about the modals of deduction in the table and complete the sentences with "must" and "can't". Then check their answers with a partner. In order to check for understanding, draw a cline and have sts map the model verbs.

Practice of the Grammar #1 (4-5 minutes) • to prepare the sts for the next grammar activity

Ask sts to look at the descripitons of countries in the table. Tell them that the name of the countries are missing. The sts are going to name the countries to reach a decision by thinking carefully about the known facts in the table.Tell them that there are four extra countries in the box.

Production (8-9 minutes) • to provide with an opportunity to expand on what they've learned

When they have completed their tables, ask them to discuss their ideas in pairs. Then ask them to write sentences to show they decided. Go through the example with the class and point out that the writer has used "must" because he or she is certain that Brazil is the correct answer. Encourage them use all the model verbs in their sentences, not just must. Go round giving extra help when needed. Finish by asking the sts to discuss in pairs if they have been to any of these countries before. in pairs.

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