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Big Events
Upper Intermediate B2 level


In this lesson the students will learn about the relative pronouns and relative clauses. In the context of special days and events which are celebrated in family the students will start with a listening task. Then it is followed by an exercise about relative pronouns and the clarification of the nouns. The clarifcation of the defining and non-defining relative clauses will be done here with example sentences. This will then practised on the following examples.


Abc Cunningham Sarah and Peter Moor, Cutting Edge upper Interm., 2005

Main Aims

  • Grammar: relative pronouns and relative clauses, covering defining and non-defining relative clauses. for this students start with the context about special events such as mother day, children day.

Subsidiary Aims

  • Vocabulary and speaking: Vocabulary for the short reading which is followed by the exercise to provide the sentences to work on during the clarification.. Students will be speaking during peer check and in the final part.


Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

- Start with 3 pictures on the board about Mother's day, Children's day and Day of the death - Ask the Ss what do they think this pictures have in common - I will mention that I like Mother's day a lot, its special - Ask the Ss they should discuss in pairs what they think about these pictures,y and is there something they have in common. - Feedback: Asking the class what they found with their partner and ask a few students to share

Pre Teach vocabulary (3-5 minutes) • Pre-Teaching vocabulary before the Listening

- For this some vocabulary will be given in advance - Pre-Teach the following words (if necessary) : servant/ treat/ florist/ parade/ excursion/ skull - Use CCQs on vocabulary

Exposure (3-5 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

- First exercise on HO 1 , complete texts with phrases Instruction: - Show HO on chest - Match the phrases in the box with to the texts - After finished compare with your partner - Monitoring - Feedback : Give answerkey but go through it with the class.

Highlighting (3-5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Instruction: - Demonstrate on the first sentence in the first text to underline the relative pronoun. - Ask the Ss to do the same with all other relative pronouns - Remind Ss to pay attention to the pronouns as the underline - Which relative pronouns are used for people, places, things, times and dates. - Write the table of relative pronouns on the board - But complete the table by eliciting pronouns from the students.

Clarification (6-8 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

- Clarification of the use of the relative pronouns and relative clauses. with the completed chart - Relative pronoun (pronoun cannot be omitted): 1-One day that has a special meaning in Mexico is November 2nd. In this sentence the relative pronoun cannot be omitted, because it refers to the subject. Relative pronoun (pronoun can be omitted): 2-Mexico is a country that you’d really like to visit. In this sentence the relative pronoun cannot be omitted, because it refers to the subject Defining relative clause: 3-Young servants who have lived away from their families were allowed to visit their mothers. *Do the young servants live with their own families? No * Are they far away from their mothers? Yes *Is this a special thing to visit their mothers? Yes So the relative clause has to stay, it’s essential for the meaning of the sentence. Non-defining relative clause: 4-Millions of mums enjoy a special breakfast in bed, which their children have lovingly prepared. *Who enjoys a special breakfast in bed? Mothers? Yes *And who has prepared this breakfast, their children? yes The relative clause here can be dropped, because it isn’t essential information. The first part of the sentence can stay by itself.

Controlled Practice (3-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

- Instruction : - Explain HO 2 on chest - Give instruction for exercise - Gap filling : Complete the sentences with the correct relative pronoun. And check if they are necessary. - Demostrate the first sentence in front of the class. - Then ask them to start. - work in pairs - Monitoring - Feedback by answerkey on the board - but going through the answers together with the class

Semi-Controlled Practice (3-5 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

- Instruction : - Explain HO 3 on chest - Give instruction for exercise - Combine the sentences using a non-defining relative clause. - Demostrate the first sentence in front of the class. - Then ask them to start. - work in pairs - Monitoring - Feedback: give the answerkey as HO - but going through the answers together with the class

Free Practice (3-5 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

-Split the students in groups - Write these sentence straters on the board . Tell the ss to pick one each and spek in their group about this. * A mother / father's day that changed my life .... * A person who influenced me when I was growing up * The time when I felt happiest was ... * a friend who I used to go to school with ... -Monitoring - Feedback

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