Upper Intermediate level
To provide clarification, review and practice of changing in meaning of the sentence when the certain verbs are foolwed by either the gerund or infinitive in the context of music
To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of their daily lives
Procedure (47-60 minutes)
T asks the students "Do you like listening to music? and why do you like?". Students answers. T writes their reasons on the whiteboard.
T gives the students HO1 and asks them "What is a gerund? What is an infinitive?" Gerund: A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading." You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. Infinitive: Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. Gerunds are used more common as subjects T tells the students " Fill in the gap with gerund or infinity". T tells the students to change their papers to check each others answers. T plays the audio 3.36 to check their answers.
T asks the students " Look at the third sentence. What is the main verb? What is the object of the sentence? Why do we use infinity with "to"? Are all the verbs followed by infinitive?(i.e. how about enjoy, stop, pharasel verbs cary on, give up, look forward to)". T asks the students " Look at the first sentence. What is the main verb? What is the object? Why do we use infinity without "to"?(Answer: make someone do is a causative verb. a causative verb is a verb used to indicate that some person or thing makes (or helps to make) something happen.). What are the causative verbs?(Answer: let(allow someone to do something), have(to give someone the responsibility to do something), make. Ex: John let me drive his car, She made her children do their homework, Please have your secretary fax me the information.) T gives the students HO 2 and asks them: Look at two sentences? Which one is remembering about the past?- First Which one is remembering about the future?- Second Which sentence gives advice?- Second Look at the first sentence. Which action happened first?- Meeting him Was the action in the past?- Yes Did I meet him in the past before?- Yes Do I remember him now?- Yes Look at the second sentence. What do I need to do first?- I need to remember first. What do I do next?- Meet him at the satation. T writes on the whiteboard " I forgot to eat the cake and I forgot eating the cake". T asks the students to look at the first sentence and asks them: Did we eat the cake?- No Do we feel bad about it?- Yes Is there still cake?- Yes Which action happened first?- Forgeting T asks the students to look at the second sentence and asks them: Did I eat the cake?- Yes Do I remember eating it?- No Do I feel good eating it?- Yes What is the first action?- Eating the cake What is the second action?- Forgetting it T writes on the whiteboard " I tried to open the window". then asks the students: Did I manage to open it?- Yes Did I open?- No Was it difficult?- Yes T writes on the whiteboard " Try adding salt to your salad", then Is it difficult to add to salt?- No Do we like it after salt?- Don't know T writes on the whiteboard " The house needs cleaning.", then asks the students: Is the sentence active meaning?- No Is the sentence passive meaning?- Yes. When do we use gerund with the verb "need"?- Passive form T write on the board "I like reading and I like to read before bedtime" then asks them which one is general and which one is specific. T lists the verbs love, hate and prefer on the whiteboard and tells them these verbs has the same rule with the verb "like". T gives the students the HO 3 and HO 4.
T gives the students HO 4 and tells them " Work alone. Fill in the blanks with a gerund or infinitive verb with to or without to". T asks the students to check their answers with their partner. T gives the key. T gives the students HO 5 and tells them " Work alone. Circle with the correct form". T asks the students to check their answers with their partner. T gives the key.
T gives the students HO 6 and tells them " Go through the first sentence. Tell about your experince to your partner. Then take turns. Then continue the next one".