Larry Klein Larry Klein

Pre-Intermediate level


In this lesson, the focus is on the the Present Perfect (for & since) tense in the context of Living History. The grammar will be presented through a reading about a man who lives at the flat Karl Marx once lived in. After some controlled practice with the grammar using 'for' & 'since', the students will produce the language in a speaking fluency exercise.


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Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of Present Perfect in the context of 'Living History'

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of 'Living History'.


Lead-in (2-2 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Introduce Living History through 2 photographs; old Sultanahmet and modern hinting how the past is connected to the present.

Exposure (6-7 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Ss read the text and answer the questions. Why is John's flat famous? Who lived there? When? What tenses are in bold?

Highlighting (4-5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Pair ss - Set Task - Pass out HOs (Questionnaire about John & Karl Marx). T writes answers on WB. (FB)

Clarification (8-9 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Ask students to find the first two present perfect sentences in the text. Write model sentences on WB. I've lived here for three years. I've worked for The London Gazette since 2010. CCQs Query 'How do we form the Present Perfect?' When do we use 'for'? When do we use 'since'? Backchain Draw timeline

Controlled Practice (5-6 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ss practice 'for' and 'since' by completing a short exercise in pairs. Answers will be written on WB for FB.

Semi-Controlled Practice (6-7 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Ss in groups of 4. Set task for sentence matching exercise. Hand out. Monitor and provide delayed FB as required.

Free Practice (8-9 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ss do a short exercise on asking questions followed by a speaking fluency activity 'How long have you.......?'. Switch partners and repeat if time allows.

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