tony tony

Intermediate level


In this lesson SS will learn and review grammar for use of the modals + adverb to communicate possibility/probability.


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Main Aims

  • To to teach and practice the meaning and use of modals with adverbs to communicate probability.

Subsidiary Aims

  • Identify the use and position of adverbs within a probability sentence.


Lead-in - (2-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Elicit use of modals to express possibility or to predict. Show image of future homes and a future city. Ask SS is the future? Why do we need these style home? Do they know for sure this the future?

Exposure (5-6 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Show SS a cline of modals may/might, could and will. Explain their probability as their position on the scale. Elicit FB - what happens when we add adverbs to the modals, possibly will, certainly will, definitely will. Show SS a cline of key phrases from article with modals and adverbs indicating their probability Instruct SS the modal could is not to be used in the negative to talk about possibility. We won't have our own robots (correct) / We couldn't have our own robots (incorrect). Use can't instead.

Clarification (5-6 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

SS reviews TL adverbs that will be used with modals Probably, Certainly, Definitely Clarify with SS meaning of TL words, form and pronunciation. Instruct SS that adverbs are placed between the modal and main verb. It will probably rain today. modal + adverb + verb In negative sentences the adverb is placed before the modal. It probably won't rain today. Drill pronunciation with back chaining - It will probably rain...It will certainly rain....It will definitely rain.

Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

SS are given a conversation dialogue (ex 4) to listen for specific information to check opinions that are discussed about the future. HO is given before audio so they can target the specific information they are listening for in the audio SS check in pairs for answer and check again with full grp at table. Key on projector displays correct answer. SS are given (ex 5) HO which includes three sections. Section 1 - SS are to select the proper adverb to match the degree of probability, certain, probable or possible. Section 2 - SS are to select modal to match the sentences degree of probability. Section 3 - SS are to insert the proper negative in the blank that is provided in the sentences.

Semi-Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

SS are provided HO (ex. 6) with exercises to select the proper order of adverb / modal usage. SS are then asked to fill in the blanks with three modal/adverb combinations two positive and one negative.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ex 7 Ss will be given 10 sentences about 25 years ago. SS are to rewrite the sentences using TL to predict how these things will change in the next 25 years. Ex 8 SS are to write three predictions about the UAE and four predictions about themselves. The answers are collected by the T and randomly handed back out to the students. They read the predictions and try to guess who wrote the predictions.

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