Banu Kerkutluoglu Banu Kerkutluoglu

Teaching Practice 8
Upper Intermediate level


In this lesson, students learn the & geographical names. The teacher will elicit where 'the' fits in with geographical names. They will work on exercises, MFP, followed by freer practice discussing voyage patters explorers have made. If time permits, a fun quiz will take place.


Abc World map on projector
Abc Gist reading text
Abc Elicit from students
Abc Exercise 1 Grammar: the & geographical names
Abc Exercise 2 Grammar: the & geographical names
Abc Teacher prepared maps
Abc Teacher prepared quiz
Abc Itinerary calendar

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of the and geographical names in the context of geography.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist reading practice using a text about 'the year China discovered America?' in the context of geography.


Warmer/Lead-in (2-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T has a map of the world on the projector. T asks students the following: Is geography an interesting subject? How many names of famous explorers from the past can you remember?

Exposure (3-5 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Gist reading task: Teacher asks the students to read the text and give the text an appropriate title. T gives the students 2 minutes to read the text. T reminds students to pair check their answer for a title with their partner. WC feedback.

Highlighting (4-6 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

T elicits from the students when we use the definite article 'the' and when we don't with geographical names for: Countries, continents, cities (Do not use 'the' before unless the name includes the word states, republic, kingdom or union). America, Europe, China the EU, the UK Exceptions are: the Vatican, the Hague (Switzerland) and a few others. Oceans, seas, rivers, deserts and groups of mountains or islands. (Use 'the') the Pacific, the Thames, the Sahara, the Philippines. Individual mountains, islands or lakes (Do not use'the') Tenerife, Puerto Rico, Mount Everest, Mount Fuji Exceptions are: The Matterhorn (mountain of the Alps), The Eiger (mountain of the Bernese Alps) Deserts the Sahara desert, the Gobi desert

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T asks students to: Underline all the geographical names in the article. Add one more for each example in the grammar box. T will give an example. Students will work on their own and check answers with their peers. Then WCFB. Error correcting. Have key on board. Look at form of TL definite article (the) + noun no article + noun Capitalization. Generally, the definite article "the" in geographical names is not capitalized (the Indian Ocean; the Nile River; the Philippines; the Alps). But the article "the" is capitalized if it is part of a geographical name (The Hague). Pronunciation. Drill.

Controlled Practice (3-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Look at the highlighted place names. Add 'the' where necessary. Check answers with partner. Students to come to board to highlight. Check answers WCFB. Error correction Answers: the Azores (islands in Portugal); the Atlantic; the Mediterranean, the Med (the Mediterranean sea); the Straits of Gibraltar (connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Med Sea); the Rif Mountains (mountain range in Morocco); the Balearic Islands (in Spain).

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

T instructs students to work in pairs and imagine they have won a two week holiday on a luxury cruise ship. Draw up an itinerary for your cruise.

If time permits (4-6 minutes) • For further practice using TL

Quiz students with questions on board. Students to take turns answering.

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